Skip to main content
Go to homepage

Print Page

Pool Safety

Having a pool, pond, spa, or hot tub on your property is a huge responsibility when it comes to safety. Drowning can happen in seconds to minutes, is often completely silent, and is a leading cause of death in children and teens.

Use these layers of protection to keep kids safe in and around in water. You never know which one will save a life.

Assign a Water Watcher

There should always be an adult water watcher while children are in and around a pool or any body of water. The water watcher should be within an arm’s length of young children and beginner swimmers. They should always keep their eyes on kids who are in the water, even older children who can swim. The water watcher should not use a cellphone, socialize, drink alcohol, or do anything else that might be a distraction. At a party, have adults take turns as water watcher. Even if a lifeguard is on duty, a water watcher also should watch kids.

Use Fences/Alarms/Covers

All pools (including above-ground pools) and hot tubs should have a fence around them with a self-closing, locked gate. Add even more protection with door and window alarms that chime when opened to alert a parent that a child is going outside (you can find inexpensive, simple alarms online) and pool alarms that go off when someone enters the pool. If you can’t fence around a spa or hot tub, be sure they are securely covered when you aren’t using them.

Have Kids Take Swim Lessons

Schedule swimming lessons for kids when they’re at least 1 year old. Swim lessons do not replace the need for a water watcher, but learning to swim makes drowning less likely. Check with your local recreation centers or search the Red Cross website for classes taught by a qualified instructor. Ask about free or reduced rate lessons. If you don't know how to swim, consider taking lessons too.

Learn CPR

Every parent should know how and when to do CPR. It brings blood to the heart, brain, and other organs and starts breathing until health care providers can give the person advanced life support. Done correctly, CPR can save a person's life.

Make Sure Everyone Follows the Pool Rules

Teach your kids and all caregivers these pool rules:

  • Do not run around the pool.
  • No pushing or dunking in the pool.
  • Never dive from the side of the pool or a diving board unless a pool is at least 9 feet deep. If the depth isn’t posted, don’t dive!
  • Get out of the pool right away in bad weather, especially if there's lightning.


  • Do not let kids use mermaid tails or fins in the pool. They can make it hard to swim and lead to drowning.
  • Floaties do not prevent drowning. Kids who wear them still need the same supervision as those without them.

Set a good example on how to use a pool safely. Follow all safety rules and don’t use alcohol or drugs while in or around a pool.

Adult water watcher without distractions Fences with locked gates around pools Swimming lessons for kids over 1 year Know CPR

Reviewed by: Amy W. Anzilotti, MD
Date Reviewed: Jul 20, 2022

Lea este articulo en Español

What next?

By using this site, you consent to our use of cookies. To learn more, read our privacy policy.