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Cancer Center Content List

  • A to Z: Beta Thalassemia

    Learn about genetic disorders and diseases and conditions that affect the blood.

  • Acute Myeloid Leukemia (AML)

    Acute myeloid leukemia (AML) happens when the body makes too many immature white blood cells. Among kids with leukemia, 20% have this type. With treatment, most recover.

  • Anemia

    Anemia happens when there aren't enough healthy red blood cells in the body. It can be caused by many things, including dietary problems, medical treatments, and inherited conditions.

  • Brain and Nervous System Cancers

    These cancers are the most common type of cancer in children. When discovered early, they often can be cured.

  • Chemotherapy

    Chemotherapy (chemo) is treatment with medicines that stop the growth of cancer cells.

  • Childhood Cancer

    Different kinds of childhood cancer have different signs, symptoms, treatments, and outcomes. But today, most kids with cancer get better.

  • Ewing Sarcoma

    This type of cancer mainly develops in the arms, legs, ribs, spinal column, and pelvis. Early diagnosis and treatment mean most kids have a good chance of recovery.

  • Germ Cell Tumors

    Germ cell tumors happen when reproductive cells in an unborn baby don't develop as they should.

  • Gliomas

    A glioma is a type of brain tumor that starts in glial cells, which support the nerve cells of the brain and spinal cord. Doctors treat most gliomas with surgery alone or combinations of surgery, chemotherapy, and radiation therapy.

  • Hepatoblastoma

    Hepatoblastoma is a rare type of cancer that affects the liver but rarely spreads beyond it. Most cases are in children younger than 3.

  • Hepatocellular Carcinoma (HCC)

    Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is a type of liver cancer. It's treated by a health care team of specialists in many areas.

  • Hodgkin Lymphoma

    Hodgkin lymphoma is a type of cancer that affects the lymphatic system. Most kids and teens who get Hodgkin lymphoma get better.

  • Juvenile Myelomonocytic Leukemia (JMML)

    Learn about this rare type of cancer, which usually affects kids under 4 years old.

  • Late Effects of Cancer and Cancer Treatment

    Long-term side effects, or late effects, happen to many cancer survivors. With early diagnosis and proper follow-up care, most late effects can be treated or cured.

  • Leukemia

    Leukemia refers to cancers of the white blood cells. With the proper treatment, the outlook for kids with leukemia is quite good.

  • Liver Tumors

    Tumors happen when cells form a mass or growth. Liver tumors can be benign (not cancerous) or malignant (cancerous).

  • Lymphoma

    Lymphoma is cancer that begins in the body's lymphatic tissue. It's a common type of cancer in children, but most recover from it.

  • Medulloblastoma

    Medulloblastoma is a type of brain tumor. Most brain tumors in children are medulloblastoma.

  • Melanoma

    Melanoma is the deadliest form of skin cancer. Find out how to lower your family's risk of getting melanoma and how doctors treat it.

  • Neuroblastoma

    Learn about neuroblastoma, a rare type of childhood cancer that develops in infants and young children.

  • Neutropenia

    Certain cancers, or cancer treatment, can weaken the immune system, requiring a child to stay home to avoid exposure to germs. Here are ways to help your child make the best of it.

  • Non-Hodgkin (Non-Hodgkin's) Lymphoma

    Non-Hodgkin lymphoma (also called non-Hodgkin's lymphoma) is a is a cancer of the lymphatic system. The majority of kids with this type of cancer are cured.

  • Nutritional Needs for Kids With Cancer

    Eating as well as possible and staying hydrated can help kids undergoing cancer treatment keep up their strength and deal with side effects. These tips can help.

  • Osteosarcoma

    Osteosarcoma is the most common type of bone cancer. Boys are more likely to have osteosarcoma than girls, and most cases of osteosarcoma involve the knee.

  • Retinoblastoma

    Retinoblastoma is a childhood cancer that affects the retina, the area of the eye responsible for sensing light and sending nerve signals to the brain.

  • Rhabdoid Tumor of the Liver

    A rhabdoid tumor of the liver is a cancer that often spreads quickly to other parts of the body. Most of these very rare tumors happen in babies and toddlers.

  • Rhabdomyosarcoma (RMS)

    Rhabdomyosarcoma is a cancerous tumor that shows up in the body's soft tissues. With early diagnosis and timely treatment, most kids make a full recovery.

  • Testicular Cancer

    Testicular cancer is uncommon in boys. Most cases are in young and middle-aged men. It responds well to treatment, especially when it’s found early.

  • Thyroid Cancer

    Thyroid cancer is uncommon in kids. Most who develop it do very well when the cancer is found and treated early.

  • Tunneled Central Lines

    These surgically placed tubes let kids get blood drawn and receive intravenous (IV) medicines and fluids without repeated needle sticks.

  • Wilms Tumor

    Wilms tumor is a cancer of the kidneys that usually affects newborns and the very young. Fortunately, most kids with Wilms tumor survive and go on to live normal, healthy lives.

  • Biopsies

    Doctors order biopsies to examine tissue or cells when they're concerned about a problem such as an infection, inflammation, or cancer.

  • Blood Test: Erythrocyte Sedimentation Rate (ESR)

    An erythrocyte sedimentation rate test (ESR) detects inflammation that may be caused by infection and some autoimmune diseases.

  • Blood Test: Partial Thromboplastin Time (PTT)

    A partial thromboplastin time (PTT) test is used to evaluate blood's ability to clot. It may be done as part of an evaluation for a bleeding disorder or to monitor the effects of blood-thinning medicine.

  • Blood Test: Uric Acid

    Doctors may order this test if they suspect high levels of uric acid in the bloodstream. Some kids with leukemia or other types of cancer can have high levels of uric acid (hyperuricemia).

  • CT (CAT) Scan: Chest

    A chest CT scan uses a special X-ray machine to take pictures of a patient's lungs, heart, blood vessels, airway passages, ribs, and lymph nodes.

  • CT (CAT) Scan: Neck

    A neck CT scan uses a special X-ray machine to make images of the soft tissues and organs of the neck, including the muscles, throat, tonsils, adenoids, airways, thyroid, and other glands.

  • CT (CAT) Scans

    A CT scan, also called a CAT scan, is a type of imaging test. It uses computers and a rotating X-ray machine to take cross-sectional pictures of the body.

  • Getting an Ultrasound

    An ultrasound scan is a medical test that uses high-frequency sound waves to create live images from the inside the body. Here's what to know if your child is getting this test.

  • Spinal Tap (Lumbar Puncture)

    Find out how and why doctors perform lumbar punctures (spinal taps).

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