Skip to main content
Go to homepage

Print Page

Severe Traumatic Brain Injury Factsheet (for Schools)

What Teachers Should Know

A severe traumatic brain injury (TBI) is damage to the brain caused by an injury that changes the way the brain normally works. Concussions are sometimes called mild TBIs, and most have a temporary effect on brain function. Severe TBIs usually have longer-lasting effects.

Severe TBIs can cause temporary or permanent impairments in:

Severe TBIs can affect all aspects of students' lives, including:

  • relationships with family, friends, classmates, and teachers
  • how they learn and participate in classroom and extracurricular activities

Students with TBI may:

  • have short- and long-term memory loss
  • need frequent breaks due to inability to concentrate for long periods of time
  • require seating accommodations or assistive devices in the classroom
  • need help and/or extra time getting to other classes
  • struggle with writing, reading, and other academic tasks they used to be able to do
  • have seizures or other neurological changes
  • seem depressed, anxious, or show aggressive or inappropriate behaviors
  • miss classroom time for medical appointments and to visit the school nurse for medicine
  • benefit from individualized education programs (IEPs) or 504 education plans
  • need extra time to complete homework and assignments

What Teachers Can Do

The effects of a TBI vary from person to person. Speak with your student's parents or guardians, the school counselor or psychologist, and special education staff to find ways to customize your instruction.

Students with TBIs often face a long-term healing process. To help students with problems related to concentration, organization, and memory, you can:

  • reduce distractions in the classroom
  • break assignments into smaller tasks
  • repeat and review assignments and have students write them down
  • provide a checklist of tasks to complete each day
  • give extra time for tests and assignments

Reviewed by: Mary L. Gavin, MD
Date Reviewed: 18-11-2019

What next?

Summit Mall Play Area
Answer Key:
Click to expand
There are 10 nurses in the picture.

And we have many more pediatric primary care providers in Northeast Ohio. You can meet some of them here.
Summit Mall Play Area
Answer Key:
Click to expand
The five differences are:
– Phone color
– Coat pocket
– Stethoscope earpiece color
– Stethoscope bell dot
– Clipboard paper color

Need help finding a doctor, choosing a location or getting a general question about Akron Children's answered? Call us or fill out the form and we'll help in any way we can.
Summit Mall Play Area
Answer Key:
Click to expand
The two matching doctors are 9 and 14.

With virtual visits, you can see our pediatric experts from the comfort of home or wherever you are.
Summit Mall Play Area
Answer Key:
Click to expand
The correct path:
The Correct Path
We offer many ways to get pediatric care all over Northeast Ohio. Use this page to find the right kind of care and the most convenient location for you.