Skip to main content
Go to homepage

Print Page

Migraines Factsheet (for Schools)

What Teachers Should Know

Migraines are recurring headaches that cause intense pain and other symptoms, which may include nausea; vomiting; abdominal pain; and sensitivity to light, sound, or odors. Migraines can be debilitating and last hours to several days.

Migraine triggers include stress, menstruation, skipping meals, lack of sleep, dehydration, smoke, weather changes, caffeine, and some foods.

Some people get sensory warning signs, called auras, that signal a migraine is coming on. Most auras are visual, such as flashing lights, zig-zag lines, or blind spots.

Students with migraines may need to:

  • miss school and other activities until they feel better
  • go to the nurse to take medicine or lie down in a quiet, dark place until symptoms ease
  • carry a water bottle to stay hydrated
  • take frequent breaks from classroom activities that trigger migraines, such as working on a computer
  • keep a headache diary to monitor triggers and how often headaches happen

Before age 10, an equal number of boys and girls get migraines. But after age 12, migraines affect girls three times more often than boys.

What Teachers Can Do

Students with migraines may be absent or miss class time due to headaches or doctor visits. Your students with migraines may need special consideration regarding missed instruction, assignments, and testing. Teachers should keep in mind that stressful situations, including tests and exams, can trigger migraines for some students.

Migraines can be disabling. But some can be managed with medicine and lifestyle changes. Encourage students to avoid their migraine triggers and have a plan in place in case migraines happen during school.

Because migraines are different for different people, you may want to encourage your student to keep a headache diary and get to know what brings on migraines in class. The more you and your student understand headache triggers, the better prepared you can be to prevent them.

Reviewed by: Mary L. Gavin, MD
Date Reviewed: 01-06-2018

What next?

Summit Mall Play Area
Answer Key:
Click to expand
There are 10 nurses in the picture.

And we have many more pediatric primary care providers in Northeast Ohio. You can meet some of them here.
Summit Mall Play Area
Answer Key:
Click to expand
The five differences are:
– Phone color
– Coat pocket
– Stethoscope earpiece color
– Stethoscope bell dot
– Clipboard paper color

Need help finding a doctor, choosing a location or getting a general question about Akron Children's answered? Call us or fill out the form and we'll help in any way we can.
Summit Mall Play Area
Answer Key:
Click to expand
The two matching doctors are 9 and 14.

With virtual visits, you can see our pediatric experts from the comfort of home or wherever you are.
Summit Mall Play Area
Answer Key:
Click to expand
The correct path:
The Correct Path
We offer many ways to get pediatric care all over Northeast Ohio. Use this page to find the right kind of care and the most convenient location for you.