Skip to main content
Go to homepage

Print Page

A to Z: Osteochondritis Dissecans

Osteochondritis dissecans (os-tee-o-kon-DRY-tis DIS-uh-kanz), also called OCD, is a joint condition in which a piece of bone and cartilage become unattached, either partially or completely. It's most commonly seen in the knee, but also can affect the elbow, hip, and ankle.

More to Know

OCD occurs when a bone does not get enough blood supply and dies. This can be due to a blocked blood vessel or trauma to the joint. Stress from repetitive motions and sports injuries are leading causes of the condition.

OCD most often affects teenagers and young adults, and is more common in males than females. It tends to run in families.

Osteochondritis dissecans can be very painful, especially during physical activity. It can cause weakness in the joint or cause it to pop or lock in one position. With OCD, the joint often becomes swollen and tender and mobility is very limited. Some people with OCD won't feel symptoms because the affected bone and cartilage stay in place.

Rest and anti-inflammatory medications may be all that's needed to heal the joint. In some cases a brace may be recommended, along with physical therapy. Surgery can greatly improve the condition of someone with severe OCD.

Keep in Mind

Osteoarthritis can be a complication of osteochondritis dissecans if not diagnosed and treated promptly. Early detection is key to a full recovery.

All A to Z dictionary entries are regularly reviewed by KidsHealth medical experts.

What next?

Summit Mall Play Area
Answer Key:
Click to expand
There are 10 nurses in the picture.

And we have many more pediatric primary care providers in Northeast Ohio. You can meet some of them here.
Summit Mall Play Area
Answer Key:
Click to expand
The five differences are:
– Phone color
– Coat pocket
– Stethoscope earpiece color
– Stethoscope bell dot
– Clipboard paper color

Need help finding a doctor, choosing a location or getting a general question about Akron Children's answered? Call us or fill out the form and we'll help in any way we can.
Summit Mall Play Area
Answer Key:
Click to expand
The two matching doctors are 9 and 14.

With virtual visits, you can see our pediatric experts from the comfort of home or wherever you are.
Summit Mall Play Area
Answer Key:
Click to expand
The correct path:
The Correct Path
We offer many ways to get pediatric care all over Northeast Ohio. Use this page to find the right kind of care and the most convenient location for you.