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How to Manage Blood Sugars With Type 1 Diabetes

It can take work to keep diabetes under control. Luckily, you have helpers. You, your parents, and your diabetes health care team can work together so your blood sugar levels stay in a healthy range as much as possible.

Sometimes this can seem like a lot of work, but it will pay off. How?

  • You'll feel better.
  • You'll grow up just the way you should.
  • You'll be less likely to have health problems from your diabetes when you get older.

Over time, having too much sugar in the bloodstream can damage important body organs, like the heart and kidneys. This can cause serious health problems.

Also, having low blood sugar levels can make you feel bad and make it harder for you to do all the things you want to do.

The good news is that keeping blood sugar levels under control can help keep you healthy and prevent health problems down the road. That's why everyone might seem concerned about keeping your diabetes under control. They want you to feel good, be healthy, and stay healthy.

  • 90-Second Summary: Type 1 Diabetes

    90-Second Summary: Type 1 Diabetes

    Learn the basics in 90 seconds.

What Can Make Blood Sugar Levels Be Out of Control?

Managing diabetes means balancing the medicines you take (insulin or pills), the food that you eat, and the amount of exercise you do. A problem with any one can send blood sugar levels up too high or down too low.

In general, out-of-control blood sugar levels can be caused by:

  • not taking diabetes medicines when you're supposed to
  • not following the meal plan (like eating too much or not enough food without adjusting diabetes medicines)
  • not getting regular exercise or not making changes to your diabetes treatment plan when you exercise more or less than usual
  • being sick or having too much stress
  • not checking blood sugar levels often enough

Check your blood sugar levels regularly and take good notes when your glucose levels are too high or too low. This will help your diabetes team make changes to your diabetes management plan, if needed. You and your mom or dad can work together to collect this info and pass it along to your doctor.

How Do I Know if My Diabetes Is Under Control?

Your doctor or diabetes health care team will tell you what your blood sugar levels should be. 

The only way to know if your blood sugar level is in a healthy range is to check it several times a day with a glucose meter. Your diabetes health care team will help you figure out when and how often to check. Depending on how old you are — and how long you've been dealing with diabetes — you might need help doing this.

Checking your blood sugar level tells you how much glucose is in your blood right this minute. But doctors can use another test to see how under control your blood sugar has been over the last 2 or 3 months. The HbA1C test can be done in your doctor's office or in a lab. In general, the lower your HbA1C level, the better you're doing controlling your blood sugar level.

How Can I Keep My Blood Sugar Levels Under Control?

Keeping blood sugars close to normal can be hard sometimes, and nobody's blood sugar control is perfect. Sometimes blood sugar levels can get too high or low even when you do all the right things to help keep them steady.

But you can do some things to help keep your blood sugar levels in a healthy range:

  • Take your insulin or pills when you're supposed to.
  • Follow your meal plan as much as possible.
  • Get regular exercise.
  • Check your blood sugar level several times a day.
  • Visit your doctor regularly.
  • Learn as much as possible about diabetes.

Take these steps and you'll be doing your very best to keep your diabetes under control.

Reviewed by: Cheryl Patterson, RD, LDN, CDCES
Date Reviewed: Sep 30, 2021

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