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Pain in the Brain: Psychology’s Role in Fostering Positive Outcomes in Pain Management


By Janelle M. Mentrikoski, PhD , Child Psychologist; Clinical Assistant Professor of Pediatrics, University of Missouri-Kansas City School of Medicine

Objectives (Educational Content) :

1. Describe the pathophysiology of pain and be able to identify the unique characteristics of youth presenting with pain concerns, including special considerations for various developmental ages. 2. Describe evidence-based assessment and intervention approaches for youth with pain, including non-pharmacological approaches to effective pain management. 3. Identify unique challenges and solutions for managing youth with pain in various medical settings.

Target Audience:

General pediatricians, family physicians, nurse practitioners, physician assistants, social workers, psychologists and nurses

Identified Gap:

Improved methods of pain management for youth at various stages of development.

Estimated Time to Complete the Educational Activity:

1 hour

Expiration Date for CME Credit:


Method of Physician Participation in the Learning Process:

The learner will view the presentation, successfully complete a post-test and complete an activity evaluation.

Evaluation Methods:

All learners must successfully complete a post-test, as well as an activity evaluation, to claim CME credit.


Dr. Mentrikoski has indicated that she has no relevant financial interest in any pharmaceutical or medical device company and that this activity was developed independent of commercial interest.

Accreditation Statement:

Children’s Hospital Medical Center of Akron is accredited by the Ohio State Medical Association to provide continuing medical education for physicians.

CHMCA designates this enduring material activity for a maximum of 1.0 AMA PRA Category 1 Credit TM.  Physicians should only claim the credit commensurate with the extent of their participation in the activity. 


Cohen, L.L., Lemanek, K., Blount, R.L., Dahlquist, L.M., Lim, C.S., Palermo, T.M, McKenna, K.D., & Weiss, K.E. (2008). Evidence-based assessment of pediatric pain Journal of Pediatric Psychology 33(9), 939–955.

Fisher, E., Heathcote, L., Palermo, T.M., Williams A., Lau, J., & Eccleston, C. (2014). Systematic review and meta-analysis of psychological therapies for children with chronic pain. Journal of Pediatric Psychology 39(8), 763–782.

Palermo, T.M. & Law, E.F. (2015). Managing your child's chronic pain. New York, NY: Oxford University Press