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Grand Rounds: Protecting Children, Families and Learners form Bias, Discrimination and Racism


By Benard P. Dreyer, MD, FAAP , Director of Pediatrics, Bellevue Hospital Center

Objectives (Educational Content) :

1. Demonstrate self-reflection about personal implicit biases toward racial minorities. 2. Describe the 'amplification cascade' affecting grading of URiM medical students. 3. Describe how racism causes toxic stress in children.

Target Audience:

General pediatricians, family physicians, nurse practitioners, physician assistants, social workers, psychologists and nurses

Identified Gap:

Increased awareness of implicit bias and racism and the toxic effects on children.

Estimated Time to Complete the Educational Activity:

1 hour

Expiration Date for CME Credit:


Method of Physician Participation in the Learning Process:

The learner will view the presentation, successfully complete a post-test and complete an activity evaluation.

Evaluation Methods:

All learners must successfully complete a post-test, as well as an activity evaluation, to claim CME credit.


Dr. Dreyer has indicated that he has no relevant financial interest in any pharmaceutical or medical device company and that this activity was developed independent of commercial interest.

Accreditation Statement:

Children’s Hospital Medical Center of Akron is accredited by the Ohio State Medical Association to provide continuing medical education for physicians.

CHMCA designates this enduring material activity for a maximum of 125 AMA PRA Category 1 Credit TM.  Physicians should only claim the credit commensurate with the extent of their participation in the activity.


Oberg C, Kivlahan C, Mishori R, et al. Treatment of migrant children on the US southern border is torture. Pediatrics. 2020; doi: 10.1542/peds.2020-012930