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Pediatric and Adolescent Spinal Deformity


By Lorena Floccari, MD , Pediatric Orthopedic Surgeon; Research Director, Spine Research, Akron Children's Hospital, Akron, OH


More about Lorena Floccari, MD

Objectives (Educational Content) :

1. Describe the etiology, natural history and prognosis of scoliosis. 2. Illustrate population-specific clinical features and workup. 3. Determine the risk of curvature progression and treatment approach. 4. Clarify the role of primary care and school scoliosis screening.

Target Audience:

General pediatricians, family physicians, nurse practitioners, physician assistants, social workers, psychologists and nurses

Identified Gap:

Improved screening and treatment methods for scoliosis will improve outcomes for these patients.

Estimated Time to Complete the Educational Activity:

1 hour

Expiration Date for CME Credit:


Method of Physician Participation in the Learning Process:

The learner will view the presentation, successfully complete a post-test and complete an activity evaluation.

Evaluation Methods:

All learners must successfully complete a post-test, as well as an activity evaluation, to claim CME credit.


Dr. Floccari has indicated that she has no relevant financial interest in any pharmaceutical or medical device company and that this activity was developed independent of commercial interest.

Accreditation Statement:

Children’s Hospital Medical Center of Akron is accredited by the Ohio State Medical Association to provide continuing medical education for physicians.

CHMCA designates this enduring material activity for a maximum of 1.0 AMA PRA Category 1 Credit TM.  Physicians should only claim the credit commensurate with the extent of their participation in the activity. 


Weinstein SL, Dolan LA, Wright JG, Dobbs MB. Effects of bracing in adolescents with idiopathic scoliosis. N Engl J Med. 2013;369(16):1512-1521.

Gomez JA, Hresko MT, Glotzbecker MP. Nonsurgical Management of Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis. J Am Acad Orthop Surg. 2016;24(8):555-564.

Miller DJ, Cahill PJ, Vitale MG, Shah SA. Posterior Correction Techniques for Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis. J Am Acad Orthop Surg. 2020;28(9):e363-e373.