Just about everyone has trouble concentrating or paying attention in class from time to time. But for teens with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), these things can cause problems at school and in other areas of life. Medicines can help people with ADHD stay more focused and follow instructions better.
People with ADHD often act and think a little differently. They may get distracted easily. They may feel bored a lot, lose things, say or do whatever is on their mind without thinking, and interrupt when other people are talking.
Medicines can help people with ADHD concentrate and focus better and be less hyperactive and impulsive. ADHD medications work by increasing the levels of brain chemicals called neurotransmitters. Neurotransmitters help send messages between nerve cells in the brain.
There are two main kinds of ADHD medications: stimulants and non-stimulants.
Doctors work closely with people who have ADHD to figure out which medicine will be most helpful. Because everyone's different, doctors might try a couple of medicines before finding the one that works best.
Some teens need a combination of medicines. They might need both a stimulant and a non-stimulant at the same time to get the best results.
Most experts agree that ADHD medicines are safe and work well when they are used under a psychiatrist's or other doctor's care. ADHD medications have helped teens with ADHD in all sorts of areas, even helping reduce things like substance abuse, injuries, and automobile accidents. ADHD medicines also can help people have better relationships at home and with friends.
But stimulants can cause some serious health problems if they're not used properly. ADHD medicines can cause problems when:
When stimulant-type ADHD medications are used at doses that are too high (in other words, when they're abused), a person can have problems like:
Overdosing on ADHD medications also can cause these problems:
ADHD medications have the potential to become addictive if they aren't used exactly as the doctor instructs. Because people who abuse ADHD medicines can get addicted to them, there are laws against sharing ADHD medications with other people. People with ADHD who take their medicines as they're supposed to are not likely to get addicted to their medicine.
People used to worry that someone using medicines to treat ADHD might be more likely to abuse drugs or alcohol. That hasn't proved to be true. In fact, research has shown that people with ADHD who use their medicines properly may actually be less likely to abuse alcohol and other drugs.
Researchers are constantly working to develop new medicines for ADHD. But taking medicine is just one part of an ADHD treatment plan. Treatment plans usually also include therapy and adjustments in school and at home to help people learn and build skills that will help them throughout life.
Reviewed by: Shirin Hasan, MD
Date reviewed: July 2014
|National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA) NIDA offers a science-based drug abuse education program for students, news, information, and resources.|
|Children and Adults With Attention Deficit / Hyperactivity Disorder (CHADD) CHADD is a national nonprofit organization representing children and adults with ADHD.|
|National Attention Deficit Disorder Association (ADDA) This organization is built around the needs of adults and young adults with attention deficit disorders.|
|ADHD ADHD is a medical condition that affects how well someone can sit still, focus, and pay attention. Learn more in this article.|
|Is My ADHD Medication Affecting My Sleep? Find out what the experts have to say|
|Learning Disabilities Learning disabilities affect the brain's ability to receive, process, analyze, or store information. These problems can make it difficult for a student to learn as quickly as others - but they have nothing to do with a person's intelligence.|
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