Because that can be difficult, doctors suggest that parents keep a record of their kids' important health facts handy. This can help a medical team make a better, quicker diagnosis when time really counts.
Making a complete written or computer-based medical history for your kids is a good idea. Be sure their medical records have this information:
This is especially important if a child is allergic to any medications — penicillin, for example — or other antibiotics. Allergies to food, dye, or contrast material (dye or other substances used in tests like CAT scans) can come into play, too, so make note of anything your child has had a reaction to. Kids who've previously been hospitalized may have developed latex allergies.
This information can sometimes help emergency personnel find a cause for problems such as breathing difficulties and hives.
Your handy medical record should list any medicines, including dosages, that your kids currently take. Some medicines react badly when taken together, so the paramedics and doctors need this information before they give a child anything. You'll need to know when a child took the medication last and how much was taken.
It is also very important for emergency personnel to be told of any health problems or illnesses a child has had. For example, does your child have diabetes, a bleeding disorder, or asthma? These pre-existing conditions can have a huge effect on which tests and treatments are used in an emergency.
Kids who have a chronic health problem or a known allergy should wear an identifying tag on a necklace or bracelet. This kind of rapid notification can help doctors who are providing emergency care, especially if a child suddenly becomes ill at childcare, school, or a friend's house.
Don't forget to include the dates and surgeries a child has had — this can be important to the course of treatment in an emergency.
Keeping a clear and up-to-date record of your kids' immunization history can help doctors do a better job of diagnosing a problem in an emergency. If the doctor suspects that a child has an infection, for example, it may save much time to know that the child has had a particular immunization.
The staff at your doctor's office can help you compile information on your kids' immunization status.
There may not be time to weigh a child in an emergency. Having a recent weight handy can help doctors calculate dosages of any medicine that may be needed.
A family medical history is helpful information to have on hand. Doctors usually ask if anyone else in the family has any medical problems because this can be an important piece of information when diagnosing and dealing with a current illness.
You might not be able to recall all this information in an emergency, so add it to your kids' medical records.
If your kids spend time in a childcare center or with a babysitter, you'll want to add other information to the medical record.
Besides instructions on how to reach you quickly, leave the name and phone number of your child's doctor and dentist. This will help the caretaker contact the office where your child's full medical history is on file — in case you can't be reached.
And if you'll be away from your kids for a longer time, such as for a vacation or business trip, and they stay with a sitter or family member other than your spouse, you'll want to leave a release allowing that person to authorize medical care. (Note: In the event of a life-threatening emergency, a medical release isn't necessary. Medical personnel are authorized to do what they must to save the life of someone involved in an accident or other emergency.)
It doesn't take long to compile a written or computer-based medical history for your kids. And doing so could mean saving critical minutes — when they count most!
Reviewed by: Yamini Durani, MD
Date reviewed: January 2015
|National Safety Council The National Safety Council offers information on first aid, CPR, environmental health, and safety.|
|American Red Cross The American Red Cross helps prepare communities for emergencies and works to keep people safe every day. The website has information on first aid, safety, and more.|
|Poison Control Centers Use this toll-free number to reach any of the United States' 65 local poison control centers - (800) 222-1222 - or visit the website to find the poison control center nearest you.|
|American College of Emergency Physicians Promoting the highest quality emergency care, ACEP is the leading advocate for emergency physicians and their patients.|
|Emergency Information Form for Children with Special Needs The American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) has a form for all the vital information about the child's condition, and the doctors and other key contacts in case of an emergency. It's a good idea to post it near the phone, in the car, and in a prominent common area in the house.|
|When It's Just You in an Emergency In a medical emergency, kids can be heroes just by calling for help. Find out more in this article for kids.|
|Choosing and Instructing a Babysitter One of your most important tasks as a parent is finding a qualified babysitter. Here are some essential tips on choosing and instructing a babysitter.|
|Your Medical Records Each time you hop up on a doctor's exam table, somebody makes a note in your medical records. There may come a time when you need your medical information, so find out how to get it and how it's protected.|
|Getting Help: Know the Numbers The best time to prepare for an emergency is before one happens. Make sure your family knows emergency phone numbers - and make sure your kids know how to place a call for help.|
|Babysitting: Emergency Contact Sheet The best time to prepare for an emergency is before it happens. If you're a teen babysitter, be sure parents have filled out a sheet like this and posted it near each phone.|
|Electronic Health Records Because EHRs improve how well your doctors talk to each other and coordinate your treatment, they can enhance your overall care. This article gives the facts on electronic health records.|
|First Aid & Safety Center Boo-boos, bug bites, and broken bones - oh my! Here's your one-stop shop for everything you need to know about how to keep kids safe.|
|Is it a Medical Emergency? Should you head straight for the emergency room when your child is hurt? Different problems require different levels of care, and you have many options.|
|How to Use 911 You can be a big help when someone is hurt or in danger. How? By dialing 911. Find out more in this article for kids.|
|3 Things Every Responsible Babysitter Should Know It's extremely unlikely that you'll face an emergency while babysitting. But knowing you're capable of handling problems allows you to relax and focus on the kids.|
|Emergency Contact Sheet The best time to prepare for an emergency is before it happens. Fill out this sheet, and post it near each phone.|
|911 Emergencies No one likes to think that something might happen to someone we care about. But whether we like it or not, emergencies do happen, and they require us to think and respond quickly.|
|Going to the Emergency Room Knowing what to expect when you need to take your child to the emergency room can help make it a little less stressful.|
|What Happens in the Emergency Room? When you need help right away, you can go to the emergency room of the nearest hospital. This article tells you what will happen when you get there.|
|Electronic Health Records Many health institutions digitally store their patients' health information. Learn about electronic health records (EHRs) and how they can improve health care.|
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