May also be called: Diaper Rash, Thrush, Oral Thrush, Yeast Infection
Candidiasis (kan-di-DYE-uh-sis) is a fungal infection caused by an overgrowth of the common yeast candida, which is found on everyone's body.
Candidiasis in newborns usually appears as diaper rash. But babies also can develop it in the mouth or throat (called oral thrush, or oropharyngeal candidiasis). This very common infection causes cracks in the corners of the mouth and white patches on the tongue, palate, lips, and insides of the cheeks. Often, these babies picked up the fungus during breastfeeding or from their mother's vagina during delivery.
Candidiasis in the vagina (vulvovaginal candidiasis) is commonly called a yeast infection. Vaginal yeast infections can cause pain, itching, redness, a thick white vaginal discharge, pain during urination, and sometimes whitish patches on the skin of the vaginal area. Yeast infections can happen to any girl, and are not considered sexually transmitted infections.
Thrush in babies is treated with liquid antifungal medicine. Thorough cleaning of all bottle-feeding supplies can help prevent thrush in formula-fed infants. A breastfeeding mom whose nipples are red and sore might be passing the infection back and forth with her baby; in that case, a doctor might recommend antifungal medications.
In most cases, vaginal yeast infections can be prevented by keeping the vaginal area clean and dry. Doctors typically treat them with prescription medication taken by mouth or a vaginal cream, tablet, or suppository; these will clear up the symptoms in a few days and the infection within a week.
All A to Z dictionary entries are regularly reviewed by KidsHealth medical experts.
|Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) The CDC (the national public health institute of the United States) promotes health and quality of life by preventing and controlling disease, injury, and disability.|
|American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) The AAP is committed to the health and well-being of infants, adolescents, and young adults. The website offers news articles and tips on health for families.|
|American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (ACOG) This site offers information on numerous health issues. The women's health section includes readings on pregnancy, labor, delivery, postpartum care, breast health, menopause, contraception, and more.|
|American Academy of Family Physicians This site, operated by the American Academy of Family Physicians (AAFP), provides information on family physicians and health care, a directory of family physicians, and resources on health conditions.|
|Oral Thrush Oral thrush, a very common infection in infants that causes irritation in and around the baby's mouth, often goes away on its own without medical treatment.|
|Vaginal Yeast Infections Vaginal yeast infections are common among growing girls, and can cause some pain and discomfort. They usually clear up quickly with proper medical treatment.|
|Vaginal Yeast Infections What exactly is a yeast infection? Can anything be done to prevent it?|
|Vaginal Discharge: What's Normal, What's Not Normal vaginal discharge has several purposes: cleaning and moistening the vagina and helping to prevent infections. But sometimes discharge indicates there's a problem. Get the facts on what's normal and what's not.|
|Fungal Infections What do you think of when you hear the word fungus? Do you think of mushrooms? A mushroom is one type of fungus, but fungus is also a type of germ that lives on all of us.|
|Breastfeeding FAQs: Pain and Discomfort Here are answers to some common questions about preventing and reducing breastfeeding discomfort, such as nipple and breast pain.|
|Diaper Rash Diaper rash is a very common infection that can cause a baby's skin to become sore, red, scaly, and tender. In most cases, it clears up with simple changes in diapering.|
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