May also be called: Bruise; Black Eye
A contusion, or bruise, forms when soft tissue in the body is crushed but the skin doesn't break. When this happens, blood from broken capillaries (small blood vessels) near the skin's surface may leak out under the skin. With no place to go, the blood gets trapped, often forming a red or purplish mark that hurts when you touch it.
As a contusion heals, it may turn different colors, from red and purple to black and blue and then to green, yellow, and light brown before fading away.
Eye injuries should be evaluated by your doctor. Applying a cold compress to the injured eyelid may help minimize swelling and bruising. Seek medical attention if a contusion doesn't heal or continues to be painful.
All A to Z dictionary entries are regularly reviewed by KidsHealth medical experts.
|American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) The AAP is committed to the health and well-being of infants, adolescents, and young adults. The website offers news articles and tips on health for families.|
|American College of Sports Medicine This site has tips on staying safe while playing sports and exercising.|
|American Academy of Family Physicians This site, operated by the American Academy of Family Physicians (AAFP), provides information on family physicians and health care, a directory of family physicians, and resources on health conditions.|
|EyeCare America EyeCare America is a public service foundation of the American Academy of Ophthalmology that works to raise awareness about eye disease and care, provide free eye health educational materials, and facilitate access to medical eye care.|
|Word! Bruise When you bang a part of your body against something, your skin might turn different colors where you bumped it.|
|Eye Injuries You can treat many minor eye irritations by flushing the eye, but more serious injuries require medical attention.|
|Eye Injuries Instruction Sheet Most eye injuries are minor, like getting soap in the eye or a speck of dirt under the eyelid, but others, like those that happen during sports activities, can be serious and require medical attention.|
|Preventing Children's Sports Injuries Participation in sports can teach kids sportsmanship and discipline. But sports also carry the potential for injury. Here's how to protect your kids.|
|First Aid & Safety Center Boo-boos, bug bites, and broken bones - oh my! Here's your one-stop shop for everything you need to know about how to keep kids safe.|
|Bruises This article is all about bruises, including why they happen, how to make them go away faster, and why they turn all those funny colors.|
|What's a Bruise? Have you ever had a bruise that turned a bunch of different colors before it went away? Find out why in this article for kids.|
|First-Aid Kit A well-stocked first-aid kit, kept in easy reach, is a necessity in every home. Learn where you should keep a kit and what to put in it.|
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