May also be called: AML; Acute Myelogenous Leukemia; Acute Nonlymphocytic Leukemia; ANLL; Acute Myeloblastic Leukemia; Acute Granulocytic Leukemia; Acute Myelocytic Leukemia; Acute Monocytic Leukemia
Normally, white blood cells (WBCs) help fight infection and protect the body against disease. With leukemia, WBCs turn cancerous and multiply when they shouldn't. This causes too many abnormal WBCs, which then interfere with the body's ability to function normally.
In acute myeloid leukemia (AML), too many myeloid blasts are made. These cells are abnormal and cannot mature into normal white blood cells. Bad cells build up and fewer healthy cells are made, leading to serious complications.
Doctors don’t know what causes acute myeloid leukemia. AML is called "acute" because it tends to get worse quickly if left untreated. Common symptoms include bleeding from the nose and gums, easy bruising, fatigue, weakness, fever, and bone and joint pain.
Treatment for AML involves using chemotherapy to kill as many cancer cells as possible to achieve remission (a state where there is no evidence of disease in the body). The second phase (called post-remission, consolidation, or continuation therapy) is designed to eliminate any undetectable leukemia cells.
Thanks to advances in therapy and clinical trials, the outlook for kids with AML is promising. With treatment, most are cured.
All A to Z dictionary entries are regularly reviewed by KidsHealth medical experts.
|CureSearch for Children's Cancer CureSearch for Children's Cancer supports and sponsors research and treatment for childhood cancers.|
|OncoLink OncoLink provides patients and professionals with cancer information, support, and resources.|
|American Cancer Society The American Cancer Society is the nationwide community-based voluntary health organization dedicated to preventing cancer, saving lives and diminishing suffering from cancer through research, education, advocacy, and service. Call:(800) ACS-2345|
|Alex's Lemonade Stand Foundation for Childhood Cancer A unique foundation that evolved from a young cancer patient's front-yard lemonade stand to a nationwide fundraising movement to find a cure for pediatric cancer.|
|National Cancer Institute (NCI) NCI provides detailed information about cancer research, various kinds of cancer, and living with cancer. Call: (800) 4-CANCER|
|Leukemia & Lymphoma Society The Leukemia & Lymphoma Society is dedicated to funding blood-cancer research, education, and patient services. The Society's mission is to cure leukemia, lymphoma, Hodgkin's disease, and myeloma, and to improve the quality of life of patients and their families. Call: (914) 949-5213|
|Acute Myeloid Leukemia (AML) Among kids with leukemia, 20% have this form of the blood cancer. With treatment, most recover.|
|Juvenile Myelomonocytic Leukemia (JMML) Learn about this type of blood cancer that usually affects kids under 2 years old.|
|What Is Cancer? When kids get cancer, it can often be treated and cured. Find out more in this article for kids.|
|Cancer Center Visit our Cancer Center for teens to get information and advice on treating and coping with cancer.|
|Cancer Center From treatments and prevention to coping with the emotional aspects of cancer, the Cancer Center provides comprehensive information that parents need.|
|Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia (ALL) ALL is the most common type of leukemia, affecting nearly 75% of kids who have this cancer of the blood cells. With treatment, most recover.|
|Cancer Center Cancer is a serious illness that needs special treatment. Find out more about how kids can cope with cancer.|
|Chemotherapy Chemotherapy medications are used to treat cancer throughout the body by killing actively dividing cells. Learn more about chemo.|
|Leukemia Leukemia refers to cancers of the white blood cells (also called leukocytes or WBCs). With the proper treatment, the outlook for kids who are diagnosed with leukemia is quite good.|
|Types of Cancer Teens Get While cancer is rare in teens, some types are more likely to affect young people. Learn about these types of cancer, including warning signs, symptoms, and treatments.|
|Some Kinds of Cancer Kids Get Cancer mostly affects adults, but there are some kinds that kids get, too. Find out more in this article for kids.|
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