Nicotine: What Parents Need to Know

Nicotine: What Parents Need to Know

What It Is:

Nicotine is a highly addictive stimulant found in tobacco that is quickly absorbed into the bloodstream when smoked.

How It's Used:Nicotine is typically smoked in cigarettes or cigars. Some people put a pinch of tobacco (called chewing or smokeless tobacco) into their mouths and absorb nicotine through the lining of their mouths.

What It Does:

Nicotine is as addictive as heroin or cocaine, which makes it extremely difficult to quit. Those who start smoking before the age of 21 have the hardest time breaking the habit.

Physical effects of nicotine use include rapid heartbeat, increased blood pressure, shortness of breath, and a greater likelihood of colds and flu. Smokers also have bad breath and yellowed teeth.

Users have an increased risk for lung diseases like lung cancer, heart disease, and stroke. Chewing tobacco users also may suffer from cancers of the mouth and neck.

Withdrawal symptoms of nicotine include anxiety, anger, restlessness, and insomnia.

Reviewed by: Yamini Durani, MD
Date reviewed: January 2012





Note: All information is for educational purposes only. For specific medical advice, diagnoses, and treatment, consult your doctor.

© 1995-2014 The Nemours Foundation/KidsHealth. All rights reserved.





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Related Resources
OrganizationCampaign for Tobacco-Free Kids Launched in September, 1995, the Campaign for Tobacco-Free Kids was created to protect young people from tobacco addiction. Contact them at: Campaign for Tobacco-Free Kids
1400 Eye St.
Suite 1200
Washington, DC 20005
(202) 296-5469
Web SiteKick Butts Day The annual Kick Butts Day is the Campaign for Tobacco Free Kids' annual celebration of youth advocacy, leadership and activism.
Web SiteTobaccoFree.org This site includes links to online anti-smoking resources.
Web SiteQuitNet QuitNet offers tips, tools, and help for those who want to quit smoking.
Web SiteSmokefree.gov This site contains facts and information about how to quit smoking.
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