A to Z: Kyphosis, Congenital

A to Z: Kyphosis, Congenital

A to Z: Kyphosis, Congenital

May also be called: Roundback or Hunchback

Kyphosis (ki-FO-sis) is an abnormal rounding of the spine that occurs in the upper and middle part of the back. Congenital kyphosis is a result of abnormal spinal development before a baby is born.

More to Know

Several other types of kyphosis also can affect kids and teens:

Kyphosis also can be due to neuromuscular, connective tissue, or endocrine problems.

Usually, mild kyphosis doesn't lead to any problems or need to be treated. Severe and visible cases of kyphosis, however, can be painful, cause problems in the lungs and other organs, or lead to emotional issues. In these cases a back brace, surgery, or physical therapy might be recommended.

Keep in Mind

Kids and teens with kyphosis can lead active, normal lives and usually won't have any restrictions placed on them. Sports and activities don't make kyphosis worse, so even after surgery it's OK for them to be active (while following their doctor's advice on how to do so safely).

All A to Z dictionary entries are regularly reviewed by KidsHealth medical experts.





Note: All information is for educational purposes only. For specific medical advice, diagnoses, and treatment, consult your doctor.

© 1995-2014 The Nemours Foundation/KidsHealth. All rights reserved.





Bookmark and Share

Related Resources
OrganizationAmerican Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons (AAOS) The AAOS provides information for the public on sports safety, and bone, joint, muscle, ligament and tendon injuries or conditions.
OrganizationAmerican Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) The AAP is committed to the health and well-being of infants, adolescents, and young adults. The website offers news articles and tips on health for families.
OrganizationAmerican Academy of Family Physicians This site, operated by the American Academy of Family Physicians (AAFP), provides information on family physicians and health care, a directory of family physicians, and resources on health conditions.
Related Articles
Scoliosis The word scoliosis means a curve in the spine. You may know someone with scoliosis - read our article for kids to find out more.
Scoliosis Everyone's spine curves, but some kids have scoliosis, which causes the spine to curve too much. Most cases don't require treatment, but even when they do, kids can usually resume an active life after treatment.
Scoliosis Some teens have a curve in a place where it doesn't really belong: the spine. Here are the straight facts about scoliosis.
Kyphosis Your spine, or backbone, normally curves forward gently as it runs up your back. Sometimes, though, someone's back can be rounded too far forward, which is a condition known as kyphosis.
Kyphosis Everyone's spine is slightly rounded forward at a gentle angle. If this angle is too pronounced, more than 50 degrees or so, it's called kyphosis, also known as roundback or hunchback.
Back Problem: Kyphosis Your spine, or backbone, curves slightly forward as it runs up your back. For someone with kyphosis, the spine is curved too much, causing discomfort or trouble breathing.
iGrow iGrow
Sign up for our parent enewsletter