Taking care of your diabetes is like a big class project. It takes all of your team members — you, your parents, doctors, certified diabetes educators, dietitians, and mental health pros — to work together to get the job done.
In this case, though, instead of ending up with a presentation for history class or a winning science-fair project, you'll have a diabetes treatment plan that helps you stay healthy and lets you do all the things you like to do.
When it comes to treating diabetes, you're the most important member of the team. Your parents still play a very important role — think of them as your co-captains — but your diabetes team will help develop a treatment plan that's made just for you. Also, the team can help you cope with some of the emotions and feelings that people with diabetes have to deal with.
You'll probably come across one or more of the following diabetes health care team members during your checkups:
A pediatric endocrinologist (pronounced: en-duh-krih-NOL-eh-jist) is a doctor who specializes in the diagnosis and treatment of kids and teens with diseases of the endocrine system, such as diabetes and growth disorders. But pediatricians, family practitioners, and other medical doctors can also treat people with diabetes.
Doctors ask detailed questions about how you feel and perform physical exams, which can include checking several parts of your body and taking your blood pressure. They also may check your diabetes records and your blood sugar level, and they may ask you for a urine sample.
Your doctor can help teach you about diabetes and any other health problem you may have. After getting treatment suggestions from other diabetes health care team members as needed, your doctor will write down what you need to do to manage your diabetes in a treatment plan, or diabetes management plan.
Think of your doctor as your diabetes team coach who develops a game plan for managing diabetes. Doctors also write prescriptions for insulin and other medications and may refer you to other specialists if you need them.
Don't be afraid to ask your doctor questions and make sure you're able to understand the answers. If you feel uncomfortable asking questions in front of your parents, you can ask to speak to your doctor alone. Your doctor has probably heard it all, so you shouldn't feel embarrassed or ashamed to ask about anything that's on your mind.
Certified diabetes educators have special training in helping people manage their diabetes. The letters CDE after someone's name means that person passed a national exam certifying him or her as a diabetes educator.
CDEs will talk to you about what diabetes is and how it affects the body. They'll also:
Registered dietitians are experts in nutrition and meal planning. They can teach you about how food affects your blood sugar levels and make sure you're getting enough food to grow and develop properly.
When you meet with a dietitian, expect to answer a few questions about your eating habits and activity levels. The dietitian will:
Make sure to tell the dietitian if you feel like you're not getting enough to eat, you think you're eating too much, or you're not happy with your food choices.
Sometimes people feel uncomfortable talking to anyone who has the words "mental health" or "therapist" associated with what they do. But diabetes can be a lot to deal with and talking to someone who's not your mom, dad, or doctor can help.
Mental health professionals can be social workers, psychologists, psychiatrists, or counselors. They're a great resource for people coping with diabetes. Maybe your parents are always on your back about your diabetes, or maybe you're frustrated because you feel embarrassed to give yourself shots at school or feel different from your friends. If so, these team members can help you get through it.
Mental health professionals can help you address problems you may be dealing with at home or at school, even if they're not related to your diabetes, so don't be afraid to ask for advice. They can also help you find ways to manage your diabetes, even when you don't want to deal with it.
The most important thing to remember about your diabetes is that you don't have to manage it on your own. You can always count on your team members to help you and you can always ask questions — the team has lots of experience figuring out ways to help people deal with diabetes.
Reviewed by: Steven Dowshen, MD
Date reviewed: August 2014
|National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases This group conducts and supports research on many serious diseases affecting public health.|
|Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics Offering nutrition information, resources, and access to registered dietitians.|
|American Diabetes Association (ADA) The ADA website includes news, information, tips, and recipes for people with diabetes.|
|Joslin Diabetes Center The website of this Boston-based center has information about how to monitor blood sugar and manage diabetes.|
|Juvenile Diabetes Research Foundation International (JDRF) JDRF's mission is to find a cure for diabetes and its complications through the support of research.|
|Diabetes Control: Why It's Important People who have diabetes may hear or read a lot about controlling, or managing, the condition. But what is diabetes control and why is it so important?|
|Diabetes: Dealing With Feelings It's perfectly normal for people with diabetes to feel sad, angry, confused, upset, alone, embarrassed, and even jealous. After all, these are natural emotions that everyone feels from time to time. But how can you cope?|
|Diabetes: When to Call the Doctor Taking care of your diabetes includes knowing when to call a doctor and get medical help.|
|Type 1 Diabetes: What Is It? Diabetes is a disease that affects how the body uses glucose, a sugar that is the body's main source of fuel. In type 1 diabetes, glucose can't get into the body's cells where it's needed.|
|Diabetes Center Our Diabetes Center provides information and advice for teens about treating and living with diabetes.|
|School and Diabetes You probably spend more than a third of your waking hours at school. Chances are you'll need to check your blood sugar levels or give yourself an insulin injection during that time. So what do you do?|
|Handling Diabetes When You're Sick Being sick is no fun for anyone. For people with diabetes, being sick can also affect blood sugar levels.|
|Eating Out When You Have Diabetes Eating out is probably a part of your social scene. If you have diabetes, you can pretty much eat the same foods as your friends and family. You just have to keep track of what you eat and eat certain foods in moderation.|
|Type 2 Diabetes: What Is It? Teens with type 2 diabetes and have to pay close attention to what they eat and do.|
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