PCV13 protects against 13 types of pneumococcal bacteria (the types that cause the most common pneumococcal infections in kids). PPSV23 protects against 23 types. These vaccines not only prevent infections in children who are immunized, but also help stop the infections from spreading.
PCV13 immunizations are given to all infants as a series of four injections:
Certain kids older than age 2 also might need a shot of PCV13; for example, if they have missed one or more shots, or received an older version of the vaccine in the past. This is especially true if they have a chronic health condition (such as heart or lung disease) or one that weakens the immune system (like asplenia, HIV infection, etc.). Your doctor can determine when and how often your child will need to receive PCV13.
PPSV23 immunizations are recommended as additional protection against pneumococcal disease in kids ages 2-18 years if they have certain chronic health conditions, including heart, lung, or liver disease; diabetes; kidney failure; a weakened immune system (such as from cancer or HIV infection); or cochlear implants.
Children younger than 2 years old, adults over 65, and people with certain medical conditions are at high risk of developing serious pneumococcal infections. These vaccines are very effective at preventing severe disease, hospitalization, and even death.
Children who receive these vaccines may have redness, tenderness, or swelling where the shot was given. A child also might have a fever after receiving the shot. There is a very small chance of an allergic reaction with any vaccine.
These vaccines are not recommended if your child:
These vaccines may cause mild fever and soreness or redness in the area where the shot was given. Depending on your child's age, pain and fever may be treated with acetaminophen or ibuprofen. Check with your doctor to see if you can give either medication, and to find out the appropriate dose.
Reviewed by: Elana Pearl Ben-Joseph, MD
Date reviewed: February 2015
|CDC: Vaccines & Immunizations The CDC's site has information on vaccines, including immunization schedules, recommendations, FAQs, and more.|
|Immunization Action Coalition This organization is a source of childhood, adolescent, and adult immunization information as well as hepatitis B educational materials.|
|CDC: Preteen and Teen Vaccines CDC site provides materials in English and Spanish for parents, teens, preteens, and health care providers about vaccines and the diseases they prevent.|
|The History of Vaccines The History of Vaccines is an informational, educational website created by The College of Physicians of Philadelphia, the oldest professional society in the United States.|
|Word! Vaccine A vaccine is another word for what most kids call a shot.|
|What's a Normal Reaction to a Shot? Find out what the experts have to say.|
|Frequently Asked Questions About Immunizations Immunizations have protected millions of children from potentially deadly diseases. Learn about immunizations and find out exactly what they do - and what they don't.|
|Pneumonia Pneumonia is a lung infection that can be caused by different types of germs, most commonly viruses. Read about the characteristics of various types of pneumonia.|
|How Can I Comfort My Baby During Shots? Find out what the experts have to say.|
|5 Tips for Surviving Shots If you're afraid of shots, you're not alone. Next time your doc asks you to roll up your sleeve, try these tips.|
|A Kid's Guide to Shots If you're old enough to read this, you've probably had most of your shots. But even bigger kids may need a shot once in a while. Find out more about them in this article for kids.|
|How Do I Know Which Vaccines My Kids Need? Find out what the experts have to say.|
|Pneumonia Pneumonia is a common lung infection that can usually be treated without a hospital stay.|
|Pneumonia Pneumonia is an infection in a person's lungs. Find out more in this article for kids.|
|Immunization Schedule Which vaccines does your child need to receive and when? Use this immunization schedule as a handy reference.|
|Your Child's Immunizations Immunizations protect your child from potentially fatal diseases. Find out what vaccines your child needs to grow up healthy.|
|Immunizations Missing out on shots puts you at more serious risk than you might think. That one little "ouch" moment protects you from some major health problems.|
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