First Aid: Head Injuries

First Aid: Head Injuries

First Aid

Most childhood head injuries are minor and hurt only the outside of the head. On rare occasions, a severe head injury can cause bruising or bleeding in the brain. This type of head injury requires immediate medical attention.

Signs and Symptoms

Of a mild head injury:

Of a potentially serious head injury:

What to Do

Think Prevention!

Reviewed by: Steven Dowshen, MD
Date reviewed: April 2014

Note: All information is for educational purposes only. For specific medical advice, diagnoses, and treatment, consult your doctor.

© 1995-2015 KidsHealth® All rights reserved.
Images provided by iStock, Getty Images, Corbis, Veer, Science Photo Library, Science Source Images, Shutterstock, and

Bookmark and Share

Related Resources
OrganizationNational Safety Council The National Safety Council offers information on first aid, CPR, environmental health, and safety.
Web SiteChildren's Safety Network Made up of several resource centers funded by the Maternal and Child Health Bureau of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, the Children's Safety Network works to reduce injuries and prevent violence for children and adolescents.
OrganizationAmerican Sports Medicine Institute The mission of ASMI is to improve the understanding, prevention and treatment of sports-related injuries through research and education.
Related Articles
First Aid: Falls Although most result in mild bumps and bruises, some falls can cause serious injuries that need medical attention.
Head Injuries Head injuries fall into two categories: external and internal. Learn more about both kinds, how to prevent them, and what to do if your child is injured.
Babysitting: Dealing With a Head Injury What should you do if a child you're babysitting has a head injury? Our tips can help you be prepared.
Concussions: What to Do In a concussion, the brain shifts inside the skull. This can cause a sudden - but usually temporary - disruption in a person's ability to function properly and feel well. Here's what to do if you suspect a concussion.
Sports Medicine Center Get tips on everything from finding the best sport for your kids to preventing and handling injuries.
Oooh, Your Aching Head! Lots of kids have headaches from time to time. Find out more about headaches in this article for kids.
Babysitting: Dealing With Falls What should you do if a child you're babysitting falls? Our tip sheet can help you be prepared.
Childproofing and Preventing Household Accidents You might think of babies and toddlers when you hear the words "babyproofing" or "childproofing," but unintentional injury is the leading cause of death in kids 14 years old and under.
Sports Center This site has tips on things like preparing for a new season, handling sports pressure, staying motivated, and dealing with injuries.
All-Terrain Vehicle (ATV) Safety ATVs are off-road vehicles for recreational use. But kids 16 and younger shouldn't ride them. Find out why, and more, here.
Concussions Ow! You fell and hit your head. But do you have a concussion? Find out about concussions in this article for kids.
Concussions The term concussion conjures up the image of a child knocked unconscious while playing sports. But concussions can happen with any head injury, often without any loss of consciousness.
Seizures Seizures are caused by abnormal electrical discharges in the brain. Find out what you need to know about seizures and what to do if your child has one.
Developments Developments
Sign up for enewsletter
Get involved Get involved
Discover ways to support Akron Children's
Join the conversation Join the conversation
See what our patient families are saying