A to Z: Cerebral Palsy, Infantile

A to Z: Cerebral Palsy, Infantile

A to Z: Cerebral Palsy, Infantile

Also called: CP; Cerebral Palsy; Spastic Paralysis; Infantile Cerebral Palsy

Cerebral palsy (CP) is a brain disorder that affects a person's muscle tone and motor skills (the ability to coordinate body movements).

Infantile cerebral palsy may be caused by:

Problems during labor and delivery also can sometimes cause CP.

Details

Cerebral palsy makes muscle control and coordination difficult. Everything from standing still and breathing to bladder and bowel control can be affected in someone with cerebral palsy.

CP also can lead to other health issues, including vision, hearing, and speech problems, and learning disabilities. Kids with severe cerebral palsy also may have seizures, speech and communication problems, and sometimes mental retardation.

Key Point

Cerebral palsy does not get worse over time. There is no cure for CP, but treatment, therapy, special equipment, and (in some cases) surgery can have a big impact on a child's development and quality of life.

All A to Z dictionary entries are regularly reviewed by KidsHealth medical experts.





Note: All information is for educational purposes only. For specific medical advice, diagnoses, and treatment, consult your doctor.

© 1995-2014 The Nemours Foundation/KidsHealth. All rights reserved.





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Related Resources
OrganizationAssociation of University Centers on Disabilities The Association of University Centers on Disabilities (formerly the American Association of University Affiliated Programs for Persons with Developmental Disabilities) promotes and supports the national network of university centers on disabilities.
OrganizationUnited Cerebral Palsy This organization provides information about cerebral palsy (CP) as well as new research and therapies.
Web SiteKidNeeds.com This website is for children with special needs, their parents, and other caregivers and contains information and health supplies.
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