Fortunately, the answer usually is no. Heart attacks are extremely rare in children. More often than not, chest pain in a child or teen is due to a harmless condition called costochondritis.
Costochondritis (kos-tuh-kon-DRY-tis) is a painful inflammation (swelling) of the cartilage that attaches the ribs to the breastbone (sternum). It's one of the most common causes of chest pain in kids and teens, with girls having it more often than boys.
The breastbone is the hard bone you can feel in the center of your chest, running from the bottom of the neck down toward the stomach. Your ribs are connected to your breastbone by rubbery cartilage at points called costosternal joints. One or more of the costosternal joints can be affected by costochondritis, and it's in these joints that the pain is felt. Because of this, costochondritis is sometimes referred to as chest wall pain or costosternal syndrome.
Costochondritis can cause a sharp, stabbing pain that might make you think it's a heart attack or other heart condition, but that's rarely the case. Usually, it's harmless and goes away on its own after 2 or 3 days. Sometimes, though, it lasts longer — from several weeks to months.
Doctors often can't pinpoint the exact cause of costochondritis, but sometimes it's linked to:
The main symptoms of costochondritis are pain and soreness in the chest. A sharp pain is usually felt on the left side of the breastbone, but it's possible to feel it on both sides of the chest. The pain can get worse when a child takes deep breaths, coughs, moves the upper body or presses on the affected area. It may decrease a little when a child stops moving or takes shallower breaths, but in general it won't go away entirely.
Although a heart attack is rarely the cause of chest pain in kids, it helps to know how costochondritis pain differs from heart attack pain:
If your child has chest pain that doesn't go away, call your doctor or go to a hospital emergency room. Chest pain is rarely a sign of something serious in kids, but sometimes it can be an emergency that needs immediate medical attention.
To diagnose costochondritis, the doctor will ask your child questions about the symptoms and will feel for tenderness along the area where the breastbone meets the ribs. Although it's not possible to see costochondritis on a chest X-ray, the doctor may order one to rule out other possible causes of chest pain, such as pneumonia.
Costochondritis usually goes away on its own without any treatment within a few days or weeks. If you're concerned about pain that's not going away, talk to your doctor.
In the meantime, the doctor will probably recommend giving your child over-the-counter pain medicines like ibuprofen or naproxen to help ease symptoms. Applying a warm compress or a heating pad (set on low) to the sore area also may give some relief.
Until your child feels better, make sure he or she gets plenty of rest and avoids any activities that make the pain worse.
Since it's not always clear what causes costochondritis, it's not possible to prevent it. But you can help your kids avoid it.
First, identify and correct activities that can cause this kind of pain in kids. Costochondritis often is caused by heavy lifting — such as carrying an overstuffed backpack, especially on just one shoulder, which many kids do. If your child has to carry lots of books to and from school, buy a supportive backpack that spreads weight evenly over both shoulders and make sure it's worn over both shoulders.
Reviewed by: Rupal Christine Gupta, MD
Date reviewed: January 2015
|Backpack Safety America (BSA) This website is dedicated to teaching parents, teachers, kids, and others the importance of properly packing, lifting, and carrying backpacks.|
|American Academy of Family Physicians This site, operated by the American Academy of Family Physicians (AAFP), provides information on family physicians and health care, a directory of family physicians, and resources on health conditions.|
|American Council on Exercise (ACE) ACE promotes active, healthy lifestyles by setting certification and education standards for fitness instructors and through ongoing public education about the importance of exercise.|
|Will Lifting Weights Harm My Bones? Find out what the experts have to say.|
|Dealing With Sports Injuries You practiced hard and made sure you wore protective gear, but you still got hurt. Read this article to find out how to take care of sports injuries - and how to avoid getting them.|
|Backpack Basics Backpacks help you to stay organized. They're also better for carrying school supplies than messenger or other shoulder bags. But can they cause health problems?|
|Backpack Safety As practical as they are, backpacks can strain muscles and joints and may cause back pain if they're too heavy or are used incorrectly. Here's how to help kids find the right backpack.|
|Broken Bones, Sprains, and Strains Broken bones and torn muscles, ligaments, and tendons happen. Find out what to do if your child experiences any breaks, strains, or sprains.|
|Sports and Exercise Safety Playing hard doesn't have to mean getting hurt. The best way to ensure a long and injury-free athletic career is to play it safe from the start. Find out how.|
|Backpacks A backpack is an essential item for a kid in school, but they can cause injuries. Find out how to prevent your backpack from becoming a real pain.|
|First Aid: Strains and Sprains Here's what to do if you think your child has pulled or torn a muscle, ligament or tendon.|
|Costochondritis Costochondritis is a fairly common cause of chest pain. It's not serious, but it can be scary. Find out what it is, and what to do if you think you have it.|
|A to Z Symptoms: Chest Pain Most causes of chest pain in kids and teens are not serious and will clear up with minimal or no treatment.|
|First Aid: Chest Pains Chest pain can be caused by many things, but it is rarely a sign of serious heart trouble in children. Here's what to do about it.|
|Preventing Children's Sports Injuries Participation in sports can teach kids sportsmanship and discipline. But sports also carry the potential for injury. Here's how to protect your kids.|
What to expect when coming to Akron Children's
For healthcare providers and nurses
Residency & Fellowships, Medical Students, Nursing and Allied Health
For prospective employees and career-seekers
Our online community that provides inspirational stories and helpful information.