Steroids for Treating Cancer

Steroids for Treating Cancer

When you hear the word "steroid" you may immediately think of muscle-bound body builders and the health risks they incur from abusing anabolic steroids — drugs that were originally intended for people with growth disorders, low levels of testosterone, and other health conditions.

If your child has been prescribed steroids for cancer, rest assured that he or she will not be taking anabolic steroids, but rather corticosteroids. Corticosteroids are made from a naturally occurring steroid in the body called cortisol.

How Cortisol Can Help

Cortisol is a hormone (like testosterone or estrogen) that can have therapeutic effects on the body. Synthetic versions of the hormone — including cortisone, hydrocortisone, prednisone, and methylprednisolone and dexamethasone — are prescribed to help:

Some kids also find that taking steroids helps ease sleeping and eating problems, and just lets them feel better overall.

Steroids are sometimes taken by injection or through an Intravenous (IV), but also can be swallowed in pill or liquid form or applied as a cream.

Side Effects

As with many medications, side affects can be associated with steroids. Before your child begins taking steroids, ask your doctor what to expect. This way, you can plan ahead for any unsettling symptoms or adverse reactions, should they occur.

Temporary side effects may include:

Less common side effects include bruising more easily, difficulty fighting infections, acne flare-ups, and increased facial hair.

A child who develops several of these symptoms may have a condition called Cushing syndrome. Though not serious, Cushing syndrome can be distressing, especially for girls.

Symptoms may subside with changes to the way your child takes the medications; talk to your doctor about this.

Chances are, you and your child will probably find that any side effects are overshadowed by the benefits of the treatment, but check with your doctor about ways to make them easier to live with. And remember, most side effects are only temporary. Once treatment stops, side effects will, too.

Tips for Managing Treatment

Whether your child is on steroids for a week or months, it's important to always follow the recommended guidelines, and check first with a doctor before making any changes to treatment (for example, ask a doctor before taking the medicine at night if your child has been regularly taking it in the morning). Also, encourage your child to let you know about any adverse reactions during or after a steroid treatment.

More tips for safely taking steroids:

If you have any questions during your child's steroid treatment, speak with your doctor.

Reviewed by: Christopher N. Frantz, MD
Date reviewed: October 2012

Note: All information is for educational purposes only. For specific medical advice, diagnoses, and treatment, consult your doctor.

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