Information About Neurofibromatosis

(also known as Recklinghausen's disease)

Neurofibromatosis is a genetic disorder of the nervous system that affects how nerve cells form and grow. It causes tumors to grow on nerves. You can get neurofibromatosis from your parents, or it can happen because of a mutation (change) in your genes. Once you have it, you can pass it along to your children. There are 3 types: Type 1, Type 2 and Schwannomatosis. Type 1 (NF1) causes skin changes and deformed bones and usually starts at birth. Type 2 (NF2) causes hearing loss, ringing in the ears and poor balance. It often starts in the teen years. Schwannomatosis causes intense pain. It is the rarest type.

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