Information About Thyroid Disease

(also known as Thyroid Disorder)

The thyroid is a gland located at the base of your neck. It produces hormones that deliver energy to cells of the body. The thyroid works like the thermostat in your house. If the thyroid is too active and produces too much T4 and T3 hormones, it's like having a thermostat that's set too high, so the house gets overheated. If it's not active enough, it's set too low and the house is too cold. And if it's making just the right amount of thyroid hormones, then it keeps the temperature just right. There are two main kinds of thyroid disorder: hyperthyroidism, which is when the thyroid is too active; and hypothyroidism, which occurs when the thyroid isn't active.

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