Akron Children's Brachial Plexus Treatment Program brings together a team of pediatric specialists from orthopedics, neurosurgery, physiatry and other disciplines to treat children of all ages who have suffered brachial plexus injuries. Read More...
Our center provides treatment for children and teens suffering from brachial plexus injuries, which are caused by damage to the brachial plexus — the network of spinal nerves that supply the arm, forearm and hand with movement and sensation.
The injury can occur in contact sports, falls, motor vehicle accidents or during delivery when a baby’s shoulders are trapped in the birth canal.
Known risk factors include large gestational age, maternal diabetes, prolonged pregnancy, prolonged labor, breech presentation and delivery by forceps.
Symptoms can include:
Once diagnosed, children with birth injuries follow Akron Children's brachial plexus injury protocol with specific assessments and interventions planned at 1 month, 2 months, 3 months, 6 months and more, if necessary.
Diagnostic procedures throughout the treatment plan may include a physical exam, EMG, X-ray, MRI, muscle testing, testing for sensory function, standardized scoring classifications, and observation of functional movement.
Most children with brachial plexus injury benefit from therapy, but some may require surgery. Specialized treatments may include:
Research shows that 80 to 90 percent of children with brachial plexus injuries from birth make a complete or nearly complete recovery within the first year. If they are to recover strength completely, children usually do so within the first 3 months.
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