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Preventing Premature Birth

  • Preventing Premature Birth Preventing Premature Birth

    Babies who are born premature - before 37 weeks of pregnancy - can have health problems that last their whole lives. Learn ways to prevent early labor and have a healthy pregnancy.

  • A Primer on Preemies A Primer on Preemies

    Premature infants, known as preemies, come into the world earlier than full-term infants and have many special needs that make their care different from that of other babies.

  • Apnea of Prematurity Apnea of Prematurity

    Apnea of prematurity (AOP) is a condition in which premature infants stop breathing for 15 to 20 seconds during sleep. AOP usually goes away on its own as a baby matures.

  • Birth Defects Birth Defects

    Some birth defects are minor and cause no problems; others cause major disabilities. Learn about the different types of birth defects, and how to help prevent them.

  • Birthmarks Birthmarks

    Birthmarks that babies are born with, or develop soon after birth, are mostly harmless and many even go away on their own, but sometimes they're associated with certain health problems.

  • Bronchopulmonary Dysplasia (BPD) Bronchopulmonary Dysplasia (BPD)

    Babies who are born prematurely or who experience respiratory problems shortly after birth are at risk for bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD), sometimes called chronic lung disease.

  • Cerebral Palsy Cerebral Palsy

    Cerebral palsy (CP) is one of the most common congenital disorders of childhood. This article explains causes, diagnosis, prevention, treatment, and more.

  • Cleft Lip and Palate Cleft Lip and Palate

    With this birth defect, tissues of the mouth or lip don't form properly when a baby is developing in the womb. The good news is that cleft lip and palate are treatable.

  • Clubfoot Clubfoot

    Clubfoot is a birth defect that makes one or both of a baby's feet point down and turn in. Most clubfeet can be successfully corrected using the nonsurgical Ponseti method.

  • Colic Colic

    Colic is common in babies - but that doesn't make it easier for parents to handle. Learn what colic is, what causes it, and what you can do about it.

  • Common Diagnoses in the NICU Common Diagnoses in the NICU

    Learn about common NICU conditions, what causes them, how they're diagnosed, how they're treated, and how long babies might stay in the unit.

  • Developmental Dysplasia of the Hip Developmental Dysplasia of the Hip

    Babies are born with this hip deformity or develop it soon after birth. With early treatent, kids can avoid long-term hip problems.

  • Erythema Toxicum Erythema Toxicum

    Erythema toxicum is a common rash seen in full-term newborns. No treatment is needed and it goes away on its own.

  • Failure to Thrive Failure to Thrive

    Most kids follow growth patterns that are normal, but others have ”failure to thrive” – they fail to gain weight as expected and have poor height growth.

  • Febrile Seizures Febrile Seizures

    Febrile seizures are full-body convulsions caused by high fevers that affect young kids. Although they can be frightening, they usually stop on their own and don't cause any other health problems.

  • Fetal Alcohol Syndrome Fetal Alcohol Syndrome

    If a woman drinks alcohol during her pregnancy, her baby could be born with fetal alcohol syndrome (FAS), which causes a wide range of physical, behavioral, and learning problems.

  • Flat Head Syndrome (Positional Plagiocephaly) Flat Head Syndrome (Positional Plagiocephaly)

    Babies can develop a flat spot on the back of their heads, usually from sleeping in the same position too long. Alternating your baby's sleep position and providing lots of "tummy time" can help.

  • Hernias Hernias

    Hernias are fairly common in kids and hernia repair is the one of the most common surgeries performed on children.

  • If Your Child Has a Heart Defect If Your Child Has a Heart Defect

    Congenital heart defects are relatively common, affecting almost 1 in every 100 newborns in the United States.

  • Infant Torticollis Infant Torticollis

    Babies with this condition have trouble turning their heads, due to muscle tightness. Simple stretching exercises and physical therapy can help babies get better.

  • Intrauterine Growth Restriction (IUGR) Intrauterine Growth Restriction (IUGR)

    IUGR is when a baby in the womb doesn't grow at the expected rate during the pregnancy. Women with IUGR should eat a healthy diet; get enough sleep; and avoid alcohol, drugs, and tobacco.

  • Intussusception Intussusception

    This bowel problem is the most common cause of bowel blockages in very young children. With timely treatment, kids recover quickly.

  • Jaundice in Healthy Newborns Jaundice in Healthy Newborns

    A common condition in newborns, jaundice refers to the yellow color of the skin and whites of the eyes caused by excess bilirubin in the blood.

  • Lead Poisoning Lead Poisoning

    Long-term exposure to lead can cause serious health problems, particularly in young kids, so it's important to find out whether your child might be at risk for lead exposure.

  • Meconium Aspiration Meconium Aspiration

    Meconium aspiration can happen before, during, or after labor and delivery when a newborn inhales a mixture of meconium and amniotic fluid. Although it can be serious, most cases are not.

  • Necrotizing Enterocolitis Necrotizing Enterocolitis

    Necrotizing enterocolitis is an intestinal disease that usually affects preemies. Medicines and therapy can help babies with NEC.

  • Neonatal Abstinence Syndrome (NAS) Neonatal Abstinence Syndrome (NAS)

    Neonatal abstinence syndrome (NAS) is when a baby has withdrawal from a medicine or drug the mom took while she was pregnant.

  • Neonatal Infections Neonatal Infections

    The vast majority of newborns enter the world healthy. But sometimes, infants develop conditions that require medical tests and treatment.

  • Port-Wine Stains Port-Wine Stains

    For most kids, these birthmarks are no big deal — they're just part of who they are. Read about port-wine stains, how to care for them, and, if necessary, what treatments are available.

  • Pyloric Stenosis Pyloric Stenosis

    Pyloric stenosis can make a baby vomit forcefully and often. It can lead to serious problems like dehydration, and needs medical treatment right away.

  • Rh Incompatibility Rh Incompatibility

    If you just found out you're pregnant, one of the first tests you should expect is a blood-type test. This basic test determines your blood type and Rh factor, which may play an important role in your baby's health.

  • Spina Bifida Spina Bifida

    Spina bifida is a birth defect that involves the incomplete development of the spinal cord or its coverings. It's usually detected before a baby is born and treated right away.

  • Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS) Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS)

    SIDS is the leading cause of death among infants 1 month to 1 year old. Though SIDS remains unpredictable, you can help reduce your infant's risk.

  • Taking Your Preemie Home Taking Your Preemie Home

    If you're about to begin caring for your preemie at home, try to relax. With some preparation and planning, you'll be ready.

  • Tay-Sachs Disease Tay-Sachs Disease

    A baby with Tay-Sachs disease is born without an important enzyme, so fatty proteins build up in the brain, hurting the baby's sight, hearing, movement, and mental development.

  • Transient Tachypnea of the Newborn (TTN) Transient Tachypnea of the Newborn (TTN)

    For some newborns, the first few breaths of life may be more faster and more labored than normal because of a lung condition called transient tachypnea of the newborn (TTN).

  • Undescended Testicles Undescended Testicles

    Shortly before birth, a boy's testicles usually descend into the scrotum. When a testicle doesn't make the move, this is called cryptorchidism, or undescended testicles.

  • When Your Baby Has a Birth Defect When Your Baby Has a Birth Defect

    If your child has a birth defect, you don't have to go it alone - many people and resources are available to help you.

  • When Your Baby's in the NICU When Your Baby's in the NICU

    The neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) may seem like a foreign place, but understanding what goes on there can help. Here's how to familiarize yourself with the NICU.

  • Are You in Labor? Are You in Labor?

    Here's how to tell the difference between true labor and false labor -- and when to get medical care.

  • Birth Plans Birth Plans

    In the happy haze of early pregnancy, the reality of labor and birth may seem extremely far off - which makes this the perfect time to start planning for the arrival of your baby by creating a birth plan that details your wishes.

  • Birthing Centers and Hospital Maternity Services Birthing Centers and Hospital Maternity Services

    Where you choose to give birth is an important decision. Is a hospital or a birth center right for you? Knowing the facts can help you make your decision.

  • Cesarean Sections (C-Sections) Cesarean Sections (C-Sections)

    Many babies are delivered via cesarean sections. Learn why and how C-sections are done.

  • Dealing With Pain During Childbirth Dealing With Pain During Childbirth

    Alleviating your anxiety about childbirth pain is one of the best ways to ensure that you'll be able to deal with it when the time comes.

  • Epidurals Epidurals

    Epidurals can make giving birth more calm, controlled, and comfortable. Find out more.

  • Inducing Labor Inducing Labor

    Find out why doctors may induce labor if you're past your due date, how it may be done, and how it may affect you and your baby.

  • Midwives Midwives

    Choosing a health care provider to care for you and your baby during your pregnancy is a big decision. For some women with low-risk, uncomplicated pregnancies, midwives are an increasingly popular option.

  • Natural Childbirth Natural Childbirth

    Some women choose to give birth using no medications at all, relying instead on relaxation techniques and controlled breathing for pain. Get more information on natural childbirth.

  • Recovering From Delivery Recovering From Delivery

    After giving birth, you'll notice you've changed somewhat - both physically and emotionally. Here's what to expect after labor and delivery.

  • Treatments to Prevent Premature Birth Treatments to Prevent Premature Birth

    Some women are more likely than others to go into labor early. Find out what doctors can do to help prevent or delay early labor.

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