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Nutrition & Fitness Center Content List

  • Body Mass Index (BMI)

    Doctors use body mass index (BMI) measurements to assess a child's physical growth in relation to other kids the same age. Here's how to calculate BMI and understand what the numbers mean.

  • What Is a BMI Report Card?

    Find out what the experts have to say.

  • A to Z: Head Injury

    Learn more about head injuries (head trauma).

  • Anterior Cruciate Ligament (ACL) Tears

    ACL injuries can happen in active and athletic kids when excessive pressure is put on the knee joint, resulting in a torn ligament.

  • Bike Safety

    Bike riding is a great way to get exercise and share time as a family. But there's an important factor that you need to consider - safety.

  • Burners and Stingers

    Burners (or stingers) are injuries to the nerve network in the shoulder, arm, forearm, hand, and fingers. They're pretty common in sports and usually go away quickly.

  • Can Kids and Teens With Asthma Play Sports?

    Kids and teens who have asthma can and do play sports. But some activities are better than others - find out more.

  • Compulsive Exercise

    Even though exercise has many positive benefits, too much can be harmful. Teens who exercise compulsively are at risk for both physical and psychological problems.

  • Dehydration

    Sometimes kids lose fluids and salts through fever, diarrhea, vomiting, or sweating. Here are some tips on preventing or treating dehydration.

  • First Aid: Broken Bones

    A broken bone needs emergency medical care. Here's what to do if you think your child just broke a bone.

  • First Aid: Heat Illness

    In hot weather, a child's internal temperature can rise and cause heat exhaustion, which can progress to heatstroke if not treated quickly.

  • First Aid: Nosebleeds

    Although they can be serious, nosebleeds are common in children ages 3 to 10 years and most stop on their own.

  • First Aid: Strains and Sprains

    Here's what to do if you think your child has pulled or torn a muscle, ligament, or tendon.

  • First Aid: Teeth Injuries

    If your child loses a baby tooth, there's no need to replace it. But if a permanent tooth is dislodged, it's a dental emergency. Here's what to do.

  • Head Injuries

    Head injuries can be external or internal. Learn more about both kinds, how to prevent them, and what to do if your child is injured.

  • Heat Illness

    Active kids can be at risk for heat illness, which can result in heat cramps, heat exhaustion, or heatstroke. Learn how to prevent and treat heat illness.

  • Knee Injuries

    Knee injuries are common among young athletes. Learn about causes, treatments, and prevention.

  • Medial Collateral Ligament (MCL) Injuries

    MCL injuries can happen in active and athletic kids, when excessive pressure is put on the knee joint, resulting in a torn ligament.

  • Osgood-Schlatter Disease

    Osgood-Schlatter disease (OSD) is one of the most common causes of knee pain in adolescents. It's really not a disease, but an overuse injury.

  • Patellofemoral Pain Syndrome (Runner's Knee)

    Patellofemoral pain syndrome (or runner's knee) is the most common overuse injury among runners, but it can also happen to other athletes who do activities that require a lot of knee bending.

  • Playground Safety

    Following these safety guidelines can make neighborhood playgrounds entertaining and safe for your kids.

  • Preventing Children's Sports Injuries

    Participation in sports can teach kids sportsmanship and discipline. But sports also carry the potential for injury. Here's how to protect your kids.

  • Safety Tips: Baseball

    Baseball is by no means a dangerous sport. But it can present a very real risk of injuries from things like wild pitches, batted balls, and collisions in the field. These safety tips can help keep your kids safe on the diamond.

  • Safety Tips: Basketball

    Basketball is fun - but it's also a contact sport, and injuries happen. To help your kids stay safe on the basketball court, take a look at these safety tips.

  • Safety Tips: Hockey

    As fun as it is, ice hockey carries a very real risk of injury. To keep your kids as safe as possible, follow these tips.

  • Safety Tips: Skateboarding

    Skateboarding is undeniably cool, but it's also easy for riders to get hurt. Help your kids keep it safe with these safety tips.

  • Safety Tips: Skiing

    Skiing is fun but also has some very real dangers. Make sure your kids follow these safety tips to learn how to stay safe on the slopes.

  • Safety Tips: Sledding

    Sledding is a lot of fun, but can also cause injuries, some of them pretty serious. To keep your kids safe while sledding, make sure they follow these safety tips.

  • Safety Tips: Snowboarding

    Snowboarding is a great way to have fun and get exercise, but it has some very real dangers. These safety tips can help keep your family safe on the slopes.

  • Sports Physicals

    Just as professional sports stars need medical care to keep them playing their best, so do student athletes. That's why it's important to make sure that kids and teens get a sports physical.

  • Steroids

    Get the facts about steroids, their side effects, and what can drive kids and teens to try them.

  • Water Safety

    Kids need constant supervision around water - whether the water is in a bathtub, pool, the sea, or a water park. Here's how to keep them safe.

  • 3 Ways to Build Strong Bones

    We build almost all our bone density when we're kids and teens. Kids with strong bones have a better chance of avoiding bone weakness later in life. Here's how parents can help.

  • A to Z: Vitamin D Deficiency

    Vitamin D deficiency is a condition that happens when a person isn't getting enough vitamin D, which is needed for strong bones and overall health.

  • After-School Snacks

    If your kids come in from school and head straight for the kitchen for something to eat, here's how to make sure they still have room for a healthy dinner.

  • Breakfast Basics

    Even if you eat a healthy morning meal every day, it can be tough to get kids fueled up. Here's how to make breakfast more appealing.

  • Breastfeeding FAQs: Getting Started

    Here are answers to common questions about getting started with breastfeeding.

  • Breastfeeding FAQs: How Much and How Often

    Here's info about how often to breastfeed your baby, how long it takes to nurse, and much more.

  • Breastfeeding FAQs: Out and About

    Here are answers to some common questions about going out in public as a breastfeeding mom - from how to do it discreetly to taming sneaky leaks.

  • Breastfeeding FAQs: Pain and Discomfort

    Here are answers to some common questions about preventing and reducing breastfeeding discomfort, such as nipple and breast pain.

  • Breastfeeding FAQs: Pumping

    Here are answers to some common questions about pumping your breast milk - from buying a pump to making the process a little easier.

  • Breastfeeding FAQs: Safely Storing Breast Milk

    Here are answers to some common questions about how to keep breast milk and how to clean and sterilize supplies, from bottles to nipples to breast pump parts.

  • Breastfeeding FAQs: Sleep - Yours and Your Baby's

    Here are answers to some common questions about breastfed babies and sleep - from where they should snooze to when they'll finally start sleeping through the night.

  • Breastfeeding FAQs: Solids and Supplementing

    Here are answers to some common supplemental feeding questions - from when to introduce solids to offering breastfed babies formula.

  • Breastfeeding FAQs: Some Common Concerns

    Here are answers to some questions about common breastfeeding concerns - from biting to spitting up.

  • Breastfeeding FAQs: Supply and Demand

    Here are answers to some common questions about your milk supply - from having too much to having too little.

  • Breastfeeding FAQs: Your Eating and Drinking Habits

    Here are answers to some common questions about what breastfeeding moms should and shouldn't eat and drink.

  • Breastfeeding vs. Formula Feeding

    Making a decision to breastfeed or formula feed your baby is a personal one. There are some points to consider to help you decide which option is best for you and your baby.

  • Caffeine

    Caffeine is in many foods and drinks, but it's wise to keep caffeine consumption to a minimum, especially in younger kids. Here's why.

  • Calcium

    Milk and other calcium-rich foods help build strong, healthy bones. But most kids and teens don't get enough calcium. Here's how to make sure that yours do.

  • Carbohydrates and Sugar

    Carbs are the body's most important and readily available source of energy. The key is to eat healthy ones, like whole grains, and avoid foods with added sugar.

  • Cholesterol

    Most parents probably don't think about what cholesterol means for their kids. But high cholesterol is a risk factor for heart disease, which has its roots in childhood.

  • Cooking With Kids

    Inviting kids into the kitchen to help you cook can be a great way to create quality together time and help your child learn some basic skills.

  • Cooking With Preschoolers

    It may take a little flexibility and prep work, but time in the kitchen with your preschooler can be a culinary adventure you'll both enjoy.

  • Eating During Pregnancy

    To eat well during pregnancy, your extra calories should come from nutritious foods that contribute to your baby's growth and development.

  • Fats

    Some fats are good for kids and an important part of a healthy diet. Here's what parents should know.

  • Feeding Your 1- to 2-Year-Old

    Toddlers have little tummies, so serve foods that are packed with the nutrients they need to grow healthy and strong, and limit the sweets and empty calories.

  • Feeding Your 1- to 3-Month-Old

    Whether you've chosen to breastfeed or bottle-feed your baby, your infant will let you know when it's time to eat.

  • Feeding Your 4- to 7-Month-Old

    Is your baby is ready for solid foods? Learn how and when to get started.

  • Feeding Your 8- to 12-Month-Old

    At this age, babies start to explore table foods.

  • Feeding Your Family on a Tight Budget

    Everyone needs enough healthy food, but many people can't get it all the time. Here are programs that can help.

  • Feeding Your Newborn

    These guidelines on breastfeeding and bottle feeding can help you know what's right for you and your baby.

  • Fiber

    Many appetizing foods are also good sources of fiber - from fruits to whole-grain cereals. Here are ways to help kids get more fiber in their everyday diets.

  • Finger Foods for Babies

    When they're around 9 months old, babies can begin feeding themselves. Find out which foods are safe, healthy options and which should not be served to little ones.

  • Food Safety

    Food safety is important. Here's how to be sure your kitchen and the foods you prepare in it are safe.

  • Food Safety: Fruits & Vegetables

    Kids need daily servings of fruits and vegetables. Here's how to make sure the produce you buy and prepare is safe.

  • Formula Feeding FAQs: Getting Started

    Shopping for formula-feeding supplies can be daunting. Here are answers to some common questions about formula feeding.

  • Formula Feeding FAQs: How Much and How Often

    Get answers to some common formula-feeding inquiries, from how much newborns eat to what their diapers might look like.

  • Formula Feeding FAQs: Preparation and Storage

    Check out these formula-feeding bottle basics, from how to mix bottles to how to store them safely.

  • Formula Feeding FAQs: Some Common Concerns

    Read about how to manage common formula-feeding concerns, from spitting up and fussiness to gas and milk allergies.

  • Formula Feeding FAQs: Starting Solids and Milk

    Find answers to common inquiries about introducing solids and whole milk to formula-fed babies.

  • Halloween Candy Hints

    For health-conscious parents, Halloween can be tricky. Do you set limits? Do you let kids decide how much to eat? There isn't just one right answer.

  • Handling Picky Eating in Toddlers (Video)

    Make mealtimes more pleasant and less stressful for everyone by learning how to handle a picky eater.

  • Healthy Eating

    Good nutrition and a balanced diet help kids grow up healthy. Here's how to improve nutrition and encourage smart eating habits.

  • Healthy Food Shopping

    What you put in the grocery cart can affect your child's health and attitude toward nutritious food.

  • Hunger and Your Preschooler

    Your preschooler eats lunch, then 20 minutes later claims to be hungry. Is a snack OK? Maybe yes, maybe no. Here's why.

  • Iron

    Iron is an important ingredient needed to make hemoglobin, the oxygen-carrying part of every red blood cell.

  • Keeping Portions Under Control

    Waistlines have been expanding over the last few decades. Part of the problem is what we eat, but another is quantity. Are our plates simply piled too high?

  • Kids and Food: 10 Tips for Parents

    Here are 10 simple tips to help you raise kids who develop healthy eating habits!

  • My Toddler Hates Vegetables. What Can I Do?

    Do your toddler's veggies end up on the floor or cold on the plate? Try these tips.

  • MyPlate Food Guide

    The USDA's food guide icon is designed to make meal planning easy. Here's how to get MyPlate onto your table.

  • Nutrition Guide for Toddlers

    While growth slows somewhat during the toddler years, it's a new era where kids will eat and drink more independently.

  • Reading Food Labels

    Find out how to make healthy food choices for your family by reading food labels.

  • School Lunches

    Packing school lunches are a chance to steer kids toward good nutrition. Here are ideas for some fun and easy lunchbox options.

  • Snacks

    If the right foods are offered at the right times, snacks can play an important role in managing kids' hunger and boosting nutrition.

  • Snacks for Preschoolers

    Healthy and well-timed snacks can help fill in nutritional gaps for preschoolers. But how do you turn yours into a smart snacker?

  • Snacks for School-Age Kids

    Healthy snacks can help parents manage school-age kids' hunger and boost nutrition.

  • Snacks for Toddlers

    Some toddlers may seem too busy exploring to slow down and eat. Others may be fickle about food or refuse to eat at mealtime. That's where healthy, well-timed snacks come in.

  • Sports Drinks and Energy Drinks

    When it comes to keeping your kid hydrated, there's a dizzying array of drinks to choose from. Are sports and energy drinks right for your child?

  • Sports Supplements

    Sports supplements are products used to enhance athletic performance. But there aren't enough long-term studies to know if they're safe for teens.

  • Tips for Feeding a Preschooler

    During the preschool years, kids are more willing to cooperate. So it's a great time to teach them about healthy food choices in new and exciting ways.

  • Toddlers at the Table: Avoiding Power Struggles

    By offering choices, you can teach your toddler healthy eating habits and avoid power struggles about food.

  • Vegetarian Diets

    Vegetarian diets have become more popular, and many parents may wonder if kids can safely follow a vegetarian diet and still get all the nutrients necessary for growing up healthy and strong.

  • Vitamin D

    Vitamin D is needed for strong bones, but is hard to come by because it's found in few foods. Here's how to make sure kids get enough vitamin D.

  • Your Child's Weight

    "What's the right weight for my child?" is one of the most common questions parents have. It seems like a simple one, but it's not always easy to answer.

  • 3 Ways to Build Strong Bones

    We build almost all our bone density when we're kids and teens. Kids with strong bones have a better chance of avoiding bone weakness later in life. Here's how parents can help.

  • Celiac Disease

    Celiac disease happens when someone has a food intolerance to gluten. Here's how to manage symptoms and prevent damage to the intestines.

  • Dietary Needs for Kids With Cerebral Palsy

    Kids with cerebral palsy can have trouble eating. But with the right diet and feeding techniques, they can get the nutrients needed to thrive.

  • Dietary Tips for Kids With Cystic Fibrosis

    Kids with cystic fibrosis have some special nutritional needs. Here's how parents can help them.

  • Egg Allergy

    Helping your child manage an egg allergy means reading food labels carefully, being aware of what he or she eats, and carrying the right medicines in case of an allergic reaction.

  • Feeding Your Child Athlete

    All kids need to eat balanced meals and have a healthy diet. But should that balance change for kids who play on a sports team or work out?

  • Food Allergies

    Food allergies can cause serious and even deadly reactions in kids, so it's important to know how to feed a child with food allergies and to prevent reactions.

  • Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS)

    Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is a common intestinal problem that can cause cramps, gas, bloating, diarrhea, and constipation. Certain foods can trigger these problems. So can anxiety, stress, and infections.

  • Ketogenic Diet for Epilepsy

    A ketogenic diet is a strict high-fat, low-carbohydrate diet that can reduce, and sometimes stop, seizures.

  • Milk Allergy in Infants

    Almost all infants are fussy at times. But some are very fussy because they have an allergy to the protein in cow's milk, which is the basis for most commercial baby formulas.

  • Nut and Peanut Allergy

    If your child is allergic to nuts or peanuts, it's essential to learn what foods might contain them and how to avoid them.

  • Nutrition Therapy and Crohn's Disease

    Nutrition therapy is an alternative to medicines that doctors use to ease the symptoms of Crohn's disease. It can help improve nutrition and growth, ease inflammation, and heal the gastrointestinal tract.

  • Sesame Allergy

    Sesame is one of the most common foods that can cause allergic reactions. Avoiding sesame means more than just not eating it. It also means not eating any foods that might contain sesame as ingredients.

  • Vegetarian Diets

    Vegetarian diets have become more popular, and many parents may wonder if kids can safely follow a vegetarian diet and still get all the nutrients necessary for growing up healthy and strong.

  • A to Z: Failure to Thrive

    Failure to thrive refers to a child's inability to gain weight and grow as expected for kids of the same age and gender. Most diagnoses are made in the first few years of life.

  • Anorexia

    People with the eating disorder anorexia are very afraid of gaining weight. They have unrealistic views of their body and try to eat as little as possible. They also might exercise too much or do other things to lose weight.

  • Avoidant/Restrictive Food Intake Disorder (ARFID)

    Avoidant/restrictive food intake disorder (ARFID) is an eating disorder. Children who have it are extremely picky eaters and have little interest in eating food, which can lead to poor growth and poor nutrition.

  • Binge Eating Disorder

    Kids who eat unusually large amounts of food - and feel guilty or secretive about it - could be struggling with binge eating disorder.

  • Body Mass Index (BMI)

    Doctors use body mass index (BMI) measurements to assess a child's physical growth in relation to other kids the same age. Here's how to calculate BMI and understand what the numbers mean.

  • Bulimia

    People with the eating disorder bulimia often eat large amounts of food over short periods of time (binge eat). Then, they try to prevent weight gain by doing things like exercising too much or throwing up what they ate.

  • Eating Disorders

    Eating disorders are common among teens and kids, especially young women. Read about the warning signs, prevention strategies, and ways to help a child with an eating disorder.

  • Encouraging a Healthy Body Image

    A healthy and positive body image means liking your body, appreciating it, and feeling grateful for its qualities and capabilities. Parents can help kids develop a healthy body image.

  • Failure to Thrive

    Most kids grow well but some have ”failure to thrive.” This means they don't gain weight as expected and may not grow as tall as they should.

  • Indigestion

    Indigestion is an upset stomach that most often happens because someone eats too much or too fast, or has foods that don't agree with them.

  • Lactose Intolerance

    Many kids have lactose intolerance - trouble digesting lactose, the main sugar in milk and milk products - which can cause cramps, diarrhea, and gas.

  • Overweight and Obesity

    Preventing kids from becoming overweight means making choices in the way your family eats and exercises, and how you spend time together.

  • Pica

    Some young kids have the eating disorder pica, which is characterized by cravings to eat nonfood items.

  • Weight Loss Surgery

    When diet and exercise aren't enough to help shed stubborn pounds, weight loss surgery may be an option for teens who are very overweight.

  • Your Child's Weight

    "What's the right weight for my child?" is one of the most common questions parents have. It seems like a simple one, but it's not always easy to answer.

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