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Growth & Development

  • 3 Ways to Build Strong Bones 3 Ways to Build Strong Bones

    We build almost all our bone density when we're kids and teens. Kids with strong bones have a better chance of avoiding bone weakness later in life. Here's how parents can help.

  • Binge Eating Disorder Binge Eating Disorder

    Kids who eat unusually large amounts of food - and feel guilty or secretive about it - could be struggling with binge eating disorder.

  • Breastfeeding FAQs: Getting Started Breastfeeding FAQs: Getting Started

    Here are answers to some common questions about beginning to breastfeed - everything from latch-on to let-down.

  • Breastfeeding FAQs: How Much and How Often Breastfeeding FAQs: How Much and How Often

    Here are answers to some common questions about beginning to breastfeed - everything from how often to nurse your baby each day to how to tell if your little one is eating enough.

  • Breastfeeding FAQs: Out and About Breastfeeding FAQs: Out and About

    Here are answers to some common questions about going out in public as a breastfeeding mom - from how to do it discreetly to taming sneaky leaks.

  • Breastfeeding FAQs: Pain and Discomfort Breastfeeding FAQs: Pain and Discomfort

    Here are answers to some common questions about preventing and reducing breastfeeding discomfort, such as nipple and breast pain.

  • Breastfeeding FAQs: Pumping Breastfeeding FAQs: Pumping

    Here are answers to some common questions about pumping your breast milk - from buying a pump to making the process a little easier.

  • Breastfeeding FAQs: Safely Storing Breast Milk Breastfeeding FAQs: Safely Storing Breast Milk

    Here are answers to some common questions about how to keep breast milk and how to clean and sterilize supplies, from bottles to nipples to breast pump parts.

  • Breastfeeding FAQs: Sleep - Yours and Your Baby's Breastfeeding FAQs: Sleep - Yours and Your Baby's

    Here are answers to some common questions about breastfed babies and sleep - from where they should snooze to when they'll finally start sleeping through the night.

  • Breastfeeding FAQs: Solids and Supplementing Breastfeeding FAQs: Solids and Supplementing

    Here are answers to some common supplemental feeding questions - from when to introduce solids to offering breastfed babies formula.

  • Breastfeeding FAQs: Some Common Concerns Breastfeeding FAQs: Some Common Concerns

    Here are answers to some questions about common breastfeeding concerns - from biting to spitting up.

  • Breastfeeding FAQs: Supply and Demand Breastfeeding FAQs: Supply and Demand

    Here are answers to some common questions about your milk supply - from having too much to having too little.

  • Breastfeeding FAQs: Your Eating and Drinking Habits Breastfeeding FAQs: Your Eating and Drinking Habits

    Here are answers to some common questions about what breastfeeding mothers should and shouldn't eat and drink.

  • Breastfeeding vs. Formula Feeding Breastfeeding vs. Formula Feeding

    Making a decision to breastfeed or formula feed your baby is a personal one. There are some points to consider to help you decide which option is best for you and your baby.

  • Caffeine Caffeine

    Caffeine is in many foods and drinks, but it's wise to keep caffeine consumption to a minimum, especially in younger kids. Here's why.

  • Calcium Calcium

    Milk and other calcium-rich foods help build strong, healthy bones. But most kids and teens don't get enough calcium. Here's how to make sure that yours do.

  • Carbohydrates and Sugar Carbohydrates and Sugar

    Carbs are the body's most important and readily available source of energy. The key is to eat healthy ones, like whole grains, and avoid foods with added sugar.

  • Egg Allergy Egg Allergy

    Helping your child manage an egg allergy means reading food labels carefully, being aware of what he or she eats, and carrying the right medicines in case of an allergic reaction.

  • Fats Fats

    Some fats are good for kids and an important part of a healthy diet. Here's what parents should know.

  • Feeding Your 1- to 2-Year-Old Feeding Your 1- to 2-Year-Old

    Toddlers have little tummies, so serve foods that are packed with the nutrients they need to grow healthy and strong, and limit the sweets and empty calories.

  • Feeding Your 1- to 3-Month-Old Feeding Your 1- to 3-Month-Old

    Whether you've chosen to breastfeed or bottle-feed your baby, your infant will let you know when it's time to eat.

  • Feeding Your 4- to 7-Month-Old Feeding Your 4- to 7-Month-Old

    How can you tell if your baby is ready for solids? Learn how and when to get started.

  • Feeding Your 8- to 12-Month-Old Feeding Your 8- to 12-Month-Old

    At this age, babies start to explore table foods.

  • Feeding Your Newborn Feeding Your Newborn

    These guidelines on breastfeeding and bottle feeding can help you know what's right for you and your baby.

  • Fiber Fiber

    Many appetizing foods are also good sources of fiber - from fruits to whole-grain cereals. Here are ways to help kids get more fiber in their everyday diets.

  • Fluoride and Water Fluoride and Water

    Keeping kids' teeth healthy requires more than just daily brushing. Learn about fluoride, a substance found naturally in water that plays an important role in healthy teeth.

  • Food Allergies Food Allergies

    Food allergies can cause serious and even deadly reactions in kids, so it's important to know how to feed a child with food allergies and to prevent reactions.

  • Formula Feeding FAQs: Getting Started Formula Feeding FAQs: Getting Started

    Shopping for formula-feeding supplies can be daunting. Here are answers to some common questions about formula feeding.

  • Formula Feeding FAQs: How Much and How Often Formula Feeding FAQs: How Much and How Often

    Get answers to some common formula-feeding inquiries, from how much newborns eat to what their diapers might look like.

  • Formula Feeding FAQs: Preparation and Storage Formula Feeding FAQs: Preparation and Storage

    Check out these formula-feeding bottle basics, from how to mix bottles to how to store them safely.

  • Formula Feeding FAQs: Some Common Concerns Formula Feeding FAQs: Some Common Concerns

    Read about how to manage common formula-feeding concerns, from spitting up and fussiness to gas and milk allergies.

  • Formula Feeding FAQs: Starting Solids and Milk Formula Feeding FAQs: Starting Solids and Milk

    Find answers to common inquiries about introducing solids and whole milk to formula-fed babies.

  • Hunger and Malnutrition Hunger and Malnutrition

    Even people who have plenty to eat may be malnourished if they don't eat food that provides the right nutrients, vitamins, and minerals.

  • Iron Iron

    Iron is an important ingredient needed to make hemoglobin, the oxygen-carrying part of every red blood cell.

  • Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS) Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS)

    Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is a common intestinal problem that can cause cramps, gas, bloating, diarrhea, and constipation. Certain foods can trigger these problems. So can anxiety, stress, and infections.

  • Nut and Peanut Allergy Nut and Peanut Allergy

    If your child is allergic to nuts or peanuts, it's essential to learn what foods might contain them and how to avoid them.

  • Weaning Your Child Weaning Your Child

    Weaning is when children make the transition from breast milk to other sources of nourishment. Here's how to make this change easier on you and your child.

  • A Parent's Guide to Surviving the Teen Years A Parent's Guide to Surviving the Teen Years

    You've lived through 2 AM feedings, toddler temper tantrums, and the back-to-school blues. So why is the word "teenager" causing you so much anxiety?

  • A Primer on Preemies A Primer on Preemies

    Premature infants, known as preemies, come into the world earlier than full-term infants and have many special needs that make their care different from that of other babies.

  • Acne Myths Acne Myths

    Nearly all kids and teens experience acne, so it's no surprise that myths about what causes - and remedies - it abound. Find out what's fact about acne and what's fiction.

  • Breath-Holding Spells Breath-Holding Spells

    Kids who have these spells hold their breath until they pass out. Although upsetting to watch, the spells are not harmful and do not pose any serious, long-term health risks.

  • Colic Colic

    Colic is common in babies - but that doesn't make it easier for parents to handle. Learn what colic is, what causes it, and what you can do about it.

  • Disciplining Your Toddler Disciplining Your Toddler

    Reeling in your active little one can be tough. But setting limits now helps prevent bigger problems down the road.

  • Helping Your Teen Decide What to Do After High School Helping Your Teen Decide What to Do After High School

    Helping to prepare your teen for life after high school is one of the most important tasks you will have as a parent.

  • Is Your Child Too Busy? Is Your Child Too Busy?

    Some kids have too much to do and not enough time to do it. Is your child too busy?

  • Making the Holidays Less Materialistic Making the Holidays Less Materialistic

    It can be hard to look beyond all of the product-driven hoopla surrounding the holidays. Here are five ways to curb materialism and reinforce the real reason for the season.

  • Menstrual Problems Menstrual Problems

    For a girl, getting her first period is a sign of becoming a woman. But it can also be confusing, particularly if she has certain menstrual problems.

  • Signing Kids Up for Sports Signing Kids Up for Sports

    Organized sports can help kids grow in many ways. Consider your child's age, personality, and abilities to help make sports participation a positive experience.

  • Talking to Your Child About Menstruation Talking to Your Child About Menstruation

    Kids reaching puberty should already know what's going to happen to their bodies. Here are some tips for talking to your daughter about menstruation.

  • Talking to Your Child About Puberty Talking to Your Child About Puberty

    Talking to kids about puberty is an important job for parents, especially because kids often hear about sex and relationships from unreliable sources. Here are some tips.

  • Teething Tots Teething Tots

    Teething can be a tough time for babies and parents. Here are the facts on teething, including tips for baby teeth hygiene and relieving pain.

  • Understanding Puberty Understanding Puberty

    Puberty was awkward enough when you were the one going through it. So how can you help your kids through all the changes?

  • Your Child's Changing Voice Your Child's Changing Voice

    Yesterday, your son sounded like he's always sounded - like a boy. But today, you heard that first crack in his voice. It's the larynx (or voice box) that's causing all that noise.

  • Your Child's Development: 1.5 Years (18 Months) Your Child's Development: 1.5 Years (18 Months)

    Doctors use certain milestones to tell if a child is developing as expected. Here are some things your toddler may be doing this month.

  • Your Child's Growth Your Child's Growth

    From the moment parents greet their newborn, they watch the baby's progress eagerly. But how can they tell if their child is growing properly?

  • 10 Ways to Help Your Child Succeed in Elementary School 10 Ways to Help Your Child Succeed in Elementary School

    Kids do better in school when parents are involved in their academic lives. These early years of schooling are an important time for parents to be informed and supportive about their child's education.

  • 10 Ways to Help Your Child Succeed in Middle School 10 Ways to Help Your Child Succeed in Middle School

    As students grow more independent during middle school, it can be challenging for parents to know how to stay involved. Here are 10 tips.

  • 10 Ways to Help Your Teen Succeed in High School 10 Ways to Help Your Teen Succeed in High School

    Even though teens are seeking independence, parental involvement is still an important ingredient for academic achievement.

  • Choosing Safe Toys Choosing Safe Toys

    Toys are a fun and important part of any child's development. And there's plenty you can do to make sure all toys are safe.

  • Choosing Safe Toys for School-Age Kids Choosing Safe Toys for School-Age Kids

    Is your 10-year-old crying for a pellet gun? How about that used scooter? For help figuring out what toys are safe and appropriate for older kids, read these tips.

  • Choosing Safe Toys for Toddlers and Preschoolers Choosing Safe Toys for Toddlers and Preschoolers

    How can you tell if a small toy poses a choking risk? What types of unsafe toys should you avoid for your baby, toddler, or preschooler? Find out here.

  • Cooking With Preschoolers Cooking With Preschoolers

    It may take a little flexibility and prep work, but time in the kitchen with your preschooler can be a culinary adventure you'll both enjoy.

  • Encouraging Your Child's Sense of Humor Encouraging Your Child's Sense of Humor

    Laughing together is a way of connecting, but a good sense of humor also can make kids healthier and better able to cope with challenges.

  • Games for Preschoolers Games for Preschoolers

    Whether at a party or a play date, preschoolers love to play games. These games can be used for birthday parties, rainy day get-togethers, or anytime you find yourself with a bunch of energetic preschoolers.

  • Games for Toddlers Games for Toddlers

    Though toddlers will more often play alongside their friends instead of with them, they'll enjoy group games and can begin learning important lessons from them.

  • Gifted Education Gifted Education

    About 6% of all U.S. K-12 students are considered academically gifted. Here are some ways to tell the difference between bright students and gifted students.

  • Group Games for School-Age Kids Group Games for School-Age Kids

    They might be too old for pin the tail on the donkey, but there are plenty of great games for school-age kids to play at parties and play dates.

  • Help Your Child Get Organized Help Your Child Get Organized

    Most kids generate a little chaos and disorganization. But if you'd like yours to be more organized and to stay focused on tasks, such as homework, here are 3 steps that make it possible.

  • Individualized Education Programs (IEPs) Individualized Education Programs (IEPs)

    Some kids may be eligible for individualized education programs in public schools, free of charge. Understanding how to access these services can help you be an effective advocate for your child.

  • Learning, Play, and Your 1- to 2-Year-Old Learning, Play, and Your 1- to 2-Year-Old

    Kids go from babies to toddlers during this time, from first steps to walking well. They also make major strides in language and communication.

  • Learning, Play, and Your 1- to 3-Month-Old Learning, Play, and Your 1- to 3-Month-Old

    After learning to recognize your voice, your face, and your touch, your baby will start responding more to you during these months and even give you a smile!

  • Learning, Play, and Your 4- to 7-Month-Old Learning, Play, and Your 4- to 7-Month-Old

    Your infant will learn to sit during this time, and in the next few months will begin exploring by reaching out for objects, grasping and inspecting them.

  • Learning, Play, and Your 8- to 12-Month-Old Learning, Play, and Your 8- to 12-Month-Old

    Your baby is learning more about the world through play and is beginning to use words. Keep those toys and games coming!

  • Learning, Play, and Your Newborn Learning, Play, and Your Newborn

    Play is the primary way that infants learn how to move, communicate, socialize, and understand their surroundings. And during the first month of life, your baby will learn by interacting with you.

  • Music and Your Preschooler Music and Your Preschooler

    Most preschoolers love music, and it does more than entertain. Research shows that kids who are actively involved in music develop important life skills too.

  • Music and Your School-Age Child Music and Your School-Age Child

    Whether dancing around the living room or singing along to the radio, school-age kids love music. And there are loads of good reasons to encourage this enthusiasm.

  • Music and Your Toddler Music and Your Toddler

    Music is a natural part of life for toddlers. And it can kickstart learning and offer lifelong benefits.

  • Rainy Day Fun Rainy Day Fun

    Looking for ways to keep the kids entertained and off the couch when the weather's bad? These quick-and-easy ideas will keep them happy and busy.

  • Reading Books to Babies Reading Books to Babies

    Reading aloud to your baby stimulates developing senses, and builds listening and memory skills that can help your baby grow up to be a reader.

  • Safe Exploring for Preschoolers Safe Exploring for Preschoolers

    Kids ages 3-5 have tons of energy and are eager to walk, run, dance, and play. It's a great age for exploration too.

  • Safe Exploring for Toddlers Safe Exploring for Toddlers

    Toddlers are learning to talk, to walk and run, and to assert their independence. For many in this age group, "outside" and "play" are common requests.

  • School-Age Readers School-Age Readers

    From kindergarten through third grade, kids' ability to read will grow by leaps and bounds. Although teachers provide lots of help, parents continue to play a role in a child's reading life.

  • Should Your Preschooler Play Sports? Should Your Preschooler Play Sports?

    Team sports can be too complicated for the average preschooler. Here are some fun and easy ways to keep them active.

  • Smart Toys for Every Age Smart Toys for Every Age

    An age-wise guide on play and the toys that encourage learning, promote motor skill development, and spark imagination.

  • Story Time for Preschoolers Story Time for Preschoolers

    Reading aloud to your preschooler is a great way to encourage learning development and to help prepare your child for independent reading down the line.

  • The Magic of Play: How It Inspires & Aids Early Development The Magic of Play: How It Inspires & Aids Early Development

    Learn why play is so important during the preschool years, and what you can do to foster your child's imagination.

  • Toddler Reading Time Toddler Reading Time

    Reading to toddlers lays the foundation for their independent reading later on. Here are some tips.

  • Toddlers: Learning by Playing Toddlers: Learning by Playing

    It might look like just child's play, but toddlers are hard at work learning important physical skills as they gain muscle control, balance, and coordination.

  • What's Funny to a Preschooler? What's Funny to a Preschooler?

    Your preschooler is finding new things funny while developing a better understanding of the world - and is eager to show off new ways to be playful and laugh with you.

  • What's Funny to a School-Age Child? What's Funny to a School-Age Child?

    Around 6 or 7, kids start to understand language well enough to know that words can have two (or more) meanings. Riddles, jokes, and puns really start to make sense, and are a top source of enjoyment!

  • What's Funny to a Toddler? What's Funny to a Toddler?

    From a very young age we all have the capacity to laugh. And toddlers are willing recipients of all we have to teach them about the pleasures of humor.

  • About Abstinence About Abstinence

    Talking to your kids about sex can be a challenge. But discussing issues like abstinence, STDs, and birth control can help lower teens' risk of unintended pregnancy or contracting an STD.

  • About Birth Control: What Parents Need to Know About Birth Control: What Parents Need to Know

    Talking to your kids about sex can be a challenge. But discussing issues like birth control can help lower teens' risk of unintended pregnancy or getting an STD.

  • About Condoms About Condoms

    Talking to your kids about sex can be daunting. But discussing issues like abstinence, STDs, and birth control can help lower teens' risk of unintended pregnancy or contracting an STD.

  • About Emergency Contraception About Emergency Contraception

    Talking to your kids about sex can be daunting. But discussing issues like abstinence, STDs, and birth control can help lower teens' risk of unintended pregnancy or contracting an STD.

  • About Fertility Awareness About Fertility Awareness

    Talking to your kids about sex can be daunting. But discussing issues like abstinence, STDs, and birth control can help lower teens' risk of unintended pregnancy or contracting an STD.

  • About Implantable Contraception About Implantable Contraception

    Read this article to learn what implantable contraception is, how well it works, and more.

  • About Spermicide About Spermicide

    Talking to your kids about sex can be daunting. But discussing issues like abstinence, STDs, and birth control can help lower teens' risk of unintended pregnancy or contracting an STD.

  • About the Birth Control Patch About the Birth Control Patch

    Find out about this method of birth control, including how well it works and possible side effects.

  • About the Birth Control Pill About the Birth Control Pill

    Discussing issues like abstinence, STDs, and birth control can help lower teens' risk of unintended pregnancy or getting an STD. The birth control pill (also called "the Pill") is a daily pill that is taken to prevent pregnancy.

  • About the Birth Control Ring About the Birth Control Ring

    Talking to your kids about sex can be daunting. But discussing issues like abstinence, STDs, and birth control can help lower teens' risk of unintended pregnancy or contracting an STD.

  • About the Birth Control Shot About the Birth Control Shot

    Talking to your kids about sex can be daunting. But discussing issues like abstinence, STDs, and birth control can help lower teens' risk of unintended pregnancy or contracting an STD.

  • About the Cervical Cap About the Cervical Cap

    The cervical cap covers the cervix so sperm can't get in and fertilize an egg. It's not usually recommended for most young women and teens because it can be very hard to insert correctly.

  • About the Diaphragm About the Diaphragm

    Talking to your kids about sex can be daunting. But discussing issues like abstinence, STDs, and birth control can help lower teens' risk of unintended pregnancy or contracting an STD.

  • About the IUD About the IUD

    An IUD is a piece of T-shaped plastic placed inside the uterus. It's a good birth control option because it lasts for many years, needs no daily care, and is very effective at preventing pregnancy.

  • About Withdrawal About Withdrawal

    Talking to your kids about sex can be daunting. But discussing issues like abstinence, STDs, and birth control can help lower teens' risk of unintended pregnancy or contracting an STD.

  • How Can I Reassure My Daughter That She'll Get Her Period? How Can I Reassure My Daughter That She'll Get Her Period?

    Find out what the experts have to say.

  • Is It Normal for an 11-Year-Old Boy to Fondle Himself? Is It Normal for an 11-Year-Old Boy to Fondle Himself?

    Find out what the experts have to say.

  • My 1-Year-Old Son Always Tries to Touch His Penis. Is This Masturbation? My 1-Year-Old Son Always Tries to Touch His Penis. Is This Masturbation?

    Find out what the experts have to say.

  • Sexual Development Sexual Development

    Changes become more dramatic and complex with the onset of puberty, and kids are likely to have lots of questions. These articles can help you become a trusted source of information, comfort, and support for your kids.

  • Sexual Orientation Sexual Orientation

    During the teen years, sexual feelings are awakened in new ways because of the hormonal and physical changes of puberty. It takes time for many kids to understand who they are and who they're becoming. Part of that understanding includes a person's sexual feelings and attractions.

  • Should Girls Who Aren't Sexually Active Be Vaccinated Against HPV? Should Girls Who Aren't Sexually Active Be Vaccinated Against HPV?

    Find out what the experts have to say.

  • Understanding Early Sexual Development Understanding Early Sexual Development

    Young kids develop an emotional and physical foundation for sexuality in many subtle ways as they grow. By understanding how your kids grow and learn, you can play an important role in fostering their emotional and physical health.

  • When Should My Daughter First Go to the Gynecologist? When Should My Daughter First Go to the Gynecologist?

    Find out what the experts say.

  • When Will a Girl's Period Start? When Will a Girl's Period Start?

    Find out what the experts have to say.

  • All About Sleep All About Sleep

    Getting enough sleep can be a problem for children of any age. Read this article to learn tips on bedtime schedules and routines for your child.

  • Flat Head Syndrome (Positional Plagiocephaly) Flat Head Syndrome (Positional Plagiocephaly)

    Babies can develop a flat spot on the back of their heads, usually from sleeping in the same position too long. Alternating your baby's sleep position and providing lots of "tummy time" can help.

  • Naps Naps

    A good nap can keep kids from becoming overtired, which not only takes a toll on their moods but might make it harder for them to fall asleep at night.

  • Night Terrors Night Terrors

    A night terror seems similar to a nightmare, but it's far more dramatic. Night terrors can be alarming, but aren't usually cause for concern or a sign of a medical issue.

  • Nightmares Nightmares

    Nightmares aren't totally preventable, but parents can help kids feel better when they have one and ease their transition back to sleep.

  • Sleep and Newborns Sleep and Newborns

    Newborn babies don’t yet have a sense of day and night. They wake often to eat – no matter what time it is.

  • Sleep and Your 1- to 2-Year-Old Sleep and Your 1- to 2-Year-Old

    Frequent night-feedings may be a thing of the past, but in this second year of life your tot might be rising for other reasons. Learn more.

  • Sleep and Your 1- to 3-Month-Old Sleep and Your 1- to 3-Month-Old

    At this age, babies generally have their days and nights straightened out. Many infants even "sleep through the night," which means 5 or 6 hours at a time.

  • Sleep and Your 4- to 7-Month-Old Sleep and Your 4- to 7-Month-Old

    By this age, your baby should be on the way to having a regular sleep pattern, sleeping longer at night, and taking 2 or 3 naps during the day.

  • Sleep and Your 8- to 12-Month-Old Sleep and Your 8- to 12-Month-Old

    Sleep problems are common in the second half of a baby's first year. It's best to respond to your baby's needs with the right balance of concern and consistency.

  • Sleep and Your Preschooler Sleep and Your Preschooler

    Preschoolers sleep about 11 to 12 hours during each 24-hour period, and it's important to help them develop good habits for getting to sleep.

  • Sleep Problems in Teens Sleep Problems in Teens

    Does your teen have trouble falling asleep at night? Is he or she sleepy during the day? Find out if it's just a normal part of adolescence, or if something else is to blame.

  • Sleepwalking Sleepwalking

    Although it can be unnerving to see, sleepwalking is actually very common in kids. Here's how to keep your young sleepwalker safe.

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