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First Aid & Safety

  • A to Z: Head Injury A to Z: Head Injury

    Learn more about head injuries (head trauma).

  • Bites and Scratches Bites and Scratches

    Animal bites and scratches, even minor ones, can become infected and spread bacteria to other parts of the body, regardless of whether the animal is a family pet or a wild animal.

  • Broken Bones, Sprains, and Strains Broken Bones, Sprains, and Strains

    Broken bones and torn muscles, ligaments, and tendons happen. Find out what to do if your child experiences any breaks, strains, or sprains.

  • Bug Bites and Stings Bug Bites and Stings

    Most bug bites and stings are just annoying. But some can cause infections and allergic reactions. It's important to know what to watch for, and when to get medical attention.

  • Burns Burns

    Burns, especially scalds from hot water and liquids, are some of the most common childhood accidents. Minor burns often can be safely treated at home, but more serious burns require medical care.

  • Choking Choking

    Choking is an emergency - so it's important to recognize the signs of choking and know what to do if happens.

  • Concussions Concussions

    The term concussion conjures up the image of a child knocked unconscious while playing sports. But concussions can happen with any head injury, often without any loss of consciousness.

  • CPR CPR

    Every parent should know how and when to administer CPR. Done correctly, CPR can save a child's life by restoring breathing and circulation until medical personnel arrive.

  • Dealing With Cuts Dealing With Cuts

    Find out how to handle minor cuts at home - and when to get medical care for a more serious injury.

  • Dehydration Dehydration

    Sometimes kids lose fluids and salts through fever, diarrhea, vomiting, or sweating. Here are some tips on preventing or treating dehydration.

  • Eye Injuries Eye Injuries

    You can treat many minor eye irritations by flushing the eye, but more serious injuries require medical attention.

  • Fevers Fevers

    Fevers happen when the body's internal "thermostat" raises the body temperature above normal. This is often the body's way of fighting infections.

  • Frequently Asked Questions About Casts Frequently Asked Questions About Casts

    Getting a cast often comes with plenty of questions. Read on for answers to some frequent inquiries many parents - and kids - may have about casts.

  • Frostbite Frostbite

    You can help prevent frostbite in cold weather by dressing kids in layers, making sure they come indoors at regular intervals, and watching for frostnip, frostbite's early warning signal.

  • Getting Help: Know the Numbers Getting Help: Know the Numbers

    The best time to prepare for an emergency is before one happens. Make sure your family knows emergency phone numbers - and make sure your kids know how to place a call for help.

  • Going to the Emergency Room Going to the Emergency Room

    Knowing what to expect when you need to take your child to the emergency room can help make it a little less stressful.

  • Head Injuries Head Injuries

    Head injuries fall into two categories: external and internal. Learn more about both kinds, how to prevent them, and what to do if your child is injured.

  • Heat Illness Heat Illness

    Active kids can be at risk for heat illness, which can result in heat cramps, heat exhaustion, or heatstroke. Learn how to prevent and treat heat illness.

  • How to Take Your Child's Pulse How to Take Your Child's Pulse

    Need to check your child's heart rate? Follow our guide and check with your doctor if you have questions.

  • How to Take Your Child's Temperature How to Take Your Child's Temperature

    All kids get a fever from time to time. Here's how to take your child's temperature, safely and accurately.

  • Knowing Your Child's Medical History Knowing Your Child's Medical History

    In an emergency, health care professionals will have many questions about a patient's medical history. It's easy to compile this information now, and it could save critical minutes later.

  • Nosebleeds Nosebleeds

    A nosebleed can be scary, but it's rarely cause for alarm. Here's how to handle one at home.

  • Seizures Seizures

    Seizures are caused by a sudden surge of electrical activity in the brain. Find out what you need to know about seizures and what to do if your child has one.

  • Serious Allergic Reactions (Anaphylaxis) Serious Allergic Reactions (Anaphylaxis)

    Kids with severe allergies can be at risk for a sudden, serious allergic reaction called anaphylaxis. The good news is that when treated properly, anaphylaxis can be managed.

  • Teaching Your Child How to Use 911 Teaching Your Child How to Use 911

    Teaching your child how to use 911 in an emergency could be one of the simplest - and most important - lessons you'll ever share.

  • Tick Removal: A Step-by-Step Guide Tick Removal: A Step-by-Step Guide

    Boy, your child's freckles really stand out in the sun — yikes, that one is actually a tick! What should you do?

  • Vomiting Vomiting

    Most vomiting is caused by gastroenteritis, and usually isn't serious. These home-care tips can help prevent dehydration.

  • What You Need to Know in an Emergency What You Need to Know in an Emergency

    In an emergency, it's hard to think clearly about your kids' health information. Here's what important medical information you should have handy, just in case.

  • When and Where to Get Medical Care When and Where to Get Medical Care

    Should you head to the ER when your child is hurt or ill? What about an urgent care center? Different problems need different levels of care, and you have many options.

  • First Aid & Safety Center First Aid & Safety Center

    Boo-boos, bug bites, and broken bones - oh my! Here's your one-stop shop for everything you need to know about how to keep kids safe.

  • All-Terrain Vehicle (ATV) Safety All-Terrain Vehicle (ATV) Safety

    ATVs are off-road vehicles for recreational use. But kids 16 and younger shouldn't ride them. Find out why, and more, here.

  • Bike Safety Bike Safety

    Bike riding is a great way to get exercise and fresh air and share time as a family. But there's an important factor that you need to consider - safety.

  • How to Choose & Use Sunscreen How to Choose & Use Sunscreen

    With all the options out there, choosing a sunscreen for your kids can be tricky. Here's what you need to know.

  • Is It OK for Kids to Sleep After a Possible Concussion? Is It OK for Kids to Sleep After a Possible Concussion?

    Find out what the experts have to say.

  • Playground Safety Playground Safety

    Following these safety guidelines can make neighborhood playgrounds entertaining and safe for your kids.

  • Preventing Children's Sports Injuries Preventing Children's Sports Injuries

    Participation in sports can teach kids sportsmanship and discipline. But sports also carry the potential for injury. Here's how to protect your kids.

  • Safety Tips: Baseball Safety Tips: Baseball

    Baseball is by no means a dangerous sport. But it can present a very real risk of injuries from things like wild pitches, batted balls, and collisions in the field. These safety tips can help keep your kids safe on the diamond.

  • Safety Tips: Basketball Safety Tips: Basketball

    It may be fun to play and great exercise, but basketball is also a contact sport, and injuries occur frequently. To help your kids stay safe on the basketball court, take a look at these safety tips.

  • Safety Tips: Hockey Safety Tips: Hockey

    As fun as it is, ice hockey carries a very real risk of injury. To keep your kids as safe as possible, follow these tips.

  • Safety Tips: Skateboarding Safety Tips: Skateboarding

    Skateboarding is undeniably cool, but it's also easy for riders to get hurt. Help your kids keep it safe with these safety tips.

  • Safety Tips: Skiing Safety Tips: Skiing

    Skiing is fun but also has some very real dangers. Make sure your kids follow these safety tips to learn how to stay safe on the slopes.

  • Safety Tips: Sledding Safety Tips: Sledding

    Sledding is a lot of fun, but can also cause injuries, some of them pretty serious. To keep your kids safe while sledding, make sure they follow these safety tips.

  • Safety Tips: Snowboarding Safety Tips: Snowboarding

    Snowboarding is a great way for kids to have fun and get exercise, but it has some very real dangers. These safety tips can help keep your kids safe on the slopes.

  • About First Aid Guides About First Aid Guides

    Whether it's a medical emergency or minor injury, we've got the first-aid info you need -- fast. Bookmark or print these 1-page guides for easy access.

  • Emergency Contact Sheet

    The best time to prepare for an emergency is before it happens. Fill out this sheet, and post it near each phone.

  • First Aid: Allergic Reactions First Aid: Allergic Reactions

    Although most allergic reactions aren't serious, severe reactions can be life-threatening and can require immediate medical attention.

  • First Aid: Animal Bites First Aid: Animal Bites

    Animal bites and scratches that break the skin can cause infection. Rarely, animal bites can cause rabies, a dangerous, life-threatening disease.

  • First Aid: Asthma Flare-Ups First Aid: Asthma Flare-Ups

    During a flare-up or attack, it's hard to breathe. While some flare-ups are mild, others can be life threatening, so it's important to deal with them right away.

  • First Aid: Broken Bones First Aid: Broken Bones

    A broken bone requires emergency medical care. Here's what to do if you think your child just broke a bone.

  • First Aid: Burns First Aid: Burns

    Scald burns from hot water and other liquids are the most common type of burn young kids get. Here's what to do if your child is burned.

  • First Aid: Chest Pains First Aid: Chest Pains

    Chest pain can be caused by many things, but it is rarely a sign of heart trouble in children. Here's what to do about it.

  • First Aid: Chickenpox First Aid: Chickenpox

    Chickenpox (varicella) has become less common in the U.S. due to the chickenpox vaccine, but it can easily spread from one person to another.

  • First Aid: Choking First Aid: Choking

    Choking can be a life-threatening emergency. Follow these steps if your child is choking.

  • First Aid: Common Cold First Aid: Common Cold

    Kids can get up to eight colds a year - or more. The common cold sends more kids to the doctor than any other illness.

  • First Aid: Constipation First Aid: Constipation

    Constipation is when a child has fewer bowel movements than usual. Ease constipation with the three Fs: fluid, fiber, and fitness.

  • First Aid: Coughing First Aid: Coughing

    Coughing is a healthy reflex that helps clear the airways. A severe or lingering cough requires medical treatment, but many coughs are caused by viruses that just need to run their course.

  • First Aid: Croup First Aid: Croup

    Croup is a viral infection that causes a telltake "barking" cough. Find out what to do if your child has croup and when to call the doctor.

  • First Aid: Cuts First Aid: Cuts

    Most cuts can be safely treated at home. But deeper cuts - or any wounds that won't stop bleeding - need emergency medical treatment.

  • First Aid: Dehydration First Aid: Dehydration

    Kids can become dehydrated when their bodies lose very large amounts of fluids. It's important to replenish fluid losses as quickly as possible.

  • First Aid: Diaper Rash First Aid: Diaper Rash

    Diaper rash is a common skin condition in babies. In most cases, the condition clears up quickly with a few simple changes.

  • First Aid: Diarrhea First Aid: Diarrhea

    Diarrhea is common and usually not a sign of something serious. Find out what to do if your child has diarrhea.

  • First Aid: Dislocations First Aid: Dislocations

    A dislocation happens when two connected bones are separated. These injuries require emergency medical care to avoid further damage.

  • First Aid: Earaches First Aid: Earaches

    An earache requires a visit to the doctor's office. Here's what to do if your child complains of ear pain.

  • First Aid: Eye Injuries First Aid: Eye Injuries

    Some eye injuries can be treated at home, while others require a visit to the doctor or emergency room. Find out what to do if your child has eye pain.

  • First Aid: Fainting First Aid: Fainting

    Fainting is a loss of consciousness that can be caused by many things. Here's what to do if your child faints or is about to faint.

  • First Aid: Falls First Aid: Falls

    Although most result in mild bumps and bruises, some falls can cause serious injuries that need medical attention.

  • First Aid: Febrile Seizures First Aid: Febrile Seizures

    These seizures sometimes happen in young children who have fevers. Although they can be scary, febrile seizures aren't usually a sign of something serious.

  • First Aid: Fever First Aid: Fever

    Fevers are usually not cause for alarm - they're the body's way of fighting infection. Here's what to do if your child has a fever.

  • First Aid: Frostbite First Aid: Frostbite

    Exposure to extreme cold can cause frostbite, a serious condition that requires emergency care. Here's what to do if your child has frostbite.

  • First Aid: Head Injuries First Aid: Head Injuries

    Learn about the different types of head injuries, and find out what to do if your child is seriously injuried.

  • First Aid: Head Lice First Aid: Head Lice

    Lice commonly spread from kid to kid. They're not dangerous - but they are creepy and annoying. Here's what to do about them.

  • First Aid: Headaches First Aid: Headaches

    Headaches are rarely a sign of something serious. Here's what to do if your child has a headache.

  • First Aid: Heat Illness First Aid: Heat Illness

    In hot weather, a child's internal temperature can rise and cause heat exhaustion, which can progress to heatstroke if not treated quickly.

  • First Aid: Insect Stings and Bites First Aid: Insect Stings and Bites

    Being stung by a bug is often just irritating and doesn't require medical treatment. But kids who are highly allergic to stings may need emergency medical care.

  • First Aid: Nosebleeds First Aid: Nosebleeds

    Although they can be serious, nosebleeds are common in children ages 3 to 10 years and most stop on their own.

  • First Aid: Pinkeye First Aid: Pinkeye

    Pinkeye is an inflammation of the white part of the eye and the inner eyelids. Although some kinds of pinkeye go away on their own, others require treatment.

  • First Aid: Poison Ivy/Oak/Sumac First Aid: Poison Ivy/Oak/Sumac

    Mild rashes from poison ivy, oak, and sumac plants can be treated at home. But severe and widespread rashes require medical treatment.

  • First Aid: Poisoning First Aid: Poisoning

    If you think that your child has taken a poison and he or she is not alert, call 911. Otherwise, contact your local poison control center at 1-800-222-1222.

  • First Aid: Rashes First Aid: Rashes

    Sometimes rashes are only a minor annoyance. Other times, they are more serious and require medical treatment. Here's what to do if your child has a rash.

  • First Aid: Ringworm First Aid: Ringworm

    Ringworm is a common fungal infection of the skin. Here's what to do if your child has ringworm.

  • First Aid: Seizures First Aid: Seizures

    Although seizures can be frightening, usually they last only a few minutes, stop on their own, and are almost never life-threatening.

  • First Aid: Skin Infections First Aid: Skin Infections

    Skin infections are common during childhood. Here's what to do if your child has a skin infection.

  • First Aid: Sore Throat First Aid: Sore Throat

    Sore throats are usually caused by viruses. Here's what to do if your child has a sore throat.

  • First Aid: Spider Bites First Aid: Spider Bites

    Most spider bites cause mild reactions, but some can cause serious illness or allergic reactions. Here's what to do if you think your child was bitten by a spider.

  • First Aid: Splinters First Aid: Splinters

    Taking a splinter out as soon as you spot it helps prevent infection and makes removal easier.

  • First Aid: Stiff Neck First Aid: Stiff Neck

    A stiff neck is usually nothing to worry about. In rare cases, it can be a sign of something serious. Here's what to do about a stiff neck.

  • First Aid: Stomachaches First Aid: Stomachaches

    Stomachaches are common in childhood, and often caused by gas, constipation or viruses. Find out when a stomachache requires a trip to the doctor.

  • First Aid: Strains and Sprains First Aid: Strains and Sprains

    Here's what to do if you think your child has pulled or torn a muscle, ligament or tendon.

  • First Aid: Sunburn First Aid: Sunburn

    Mild sunburn that causes redness or irritation can be treated at home, but severe sunburn requires medical attention.

  • First Aid: Teeth Injuries First Aid: Teeth Injuries

    If your child loses a baby tooth, there's no need to replace it. But if a permanent tooth is dislodged, it's a dental emergency. Here's what to do.

  • First Aid: The Flu First Aid: The Flu

    Telltale signs of the flu include a sore throat, body aches and fever. Here's what to do if your child has the flu.

  • First Aid: Tick Bites First Aid: Tick Bites

    Some ticks carry harmful germs that can cause disease. Find out what to do if your child is bitten by a tick.

  • First Aid: Urination Pain First Aid: Urination Pain

    When it hurts to pee, a urinary tract infection (UTI)is usually to blame. But, there are other causes. Here's what to do about it.

  • First Aid: Vomiting First Aid: Vomiting

    Vomiting can be caused by many things, most commonly gastroenteritis (the "stomach flu"). Here's what to do when your child throws up.

  • First Aid: Warts First Aid: Warts

    Warts are common skin infections. They generally don't cause any serious problems, so usually don't need to be removed.

  • A Safe and Spooktacular Halloween A Safe and Spooktacular Halloween

    From the candy to the costumes, Halloween is a fun-filled time. But it can pose dangers to young revelers. For a trick-free treat, follow these simple safety tips.

  • All-Terrain Vehicle (ATV) Safety All-Terrain Vehicle (ATV) Safety

    ATVs are off-road vehicles for recreational use. But kids 16 and younger shouldn't ride them. Find out why, and more, here.

  • Auto Safety Auto Safety

    More kids are injured in auto collisions than in any other type of accident, but you can protect them by learning the proper use of car seats and booster seats.

  • Backpack Safety Backpack Safety

    As practical as they are, backpacks can strain muscles and joints and may cause back pain if they're too heavy or are used incorrectly. Here's how to help kids find the right backpack.

  • Booster Seat Safety Booster Seat Safety

    Your tot's not a baby anymore! It's time for a big-kid booster seat. But how can you ensure that your child is still safe and secure in the car? Find out here.

  • Car Seat Safety Car Seat Safety

    What's the right way to install an infant safety seat? Is your toddler ready for a convertible seat? Get the car seat know-how you need here.

  • Choosing Safe Baby Products: Carriers Choosing Safe Baby Products: Carriers

    Babies love and need close contact, and infant carriers are ideal for nestling them against their parents. Here's how to use one safely.

  • Choosing Safe Baby Products: Infant Seats & Child Safety Seats Choosing Safe Baby Products: Infant Seats & Child Safety Seats

    Regular infant seats simply allow young babies to sit up. Never substitute any type of infant seat for a child safety seat (car seat).

  • Choosing Safe Baby Products: Strollers Choosing Safe Baby Products: Strollers

    Strollers come in a variety of sizes and styles. When you're searching for that perfect stroller that's light and portable, keep safety in mind.

  • Cold, Ice, and Snow Safety Cold, Ice, and Snow Safety

    In ice and snow, accidents can happen easily. Find out how to keep your family safe - and fit - while the weather is chilly.

  • Evaluate Your Child's Lyme Disease Risk Evaluate Your Child's Lyme Disease Risk

    The risk of getting Lyme disease from a tick bite is very low. But it's important to know about Lyme disease, especially if you live in certain areas.

  • Farm Safety Farm Safety

    Whether your family visits or lives on a farm, it's important to protect kids from dangers with these safety precautions.

  • Finding the Right Bike Finding the Right Bike

    As kids grow, there are a variety of options for bicycling, from trailers to child seats to independent riding. With a bike that's safe and fits well, kids can learn to love cycling!

  • Firesetting Firesetting

    Kids often are curious about fire. So it's important for parents to educate them about the dangers of fire and keep them away from matches, lighters, and other fire-starting tools.

  • Fireworks Safety Fireworks Safety

    Before your family celebrates a holiday, make sure everyone knows about fireworks safety.

  • Halloween Candy Hints Halloween Candy Hints

    For health-conscious parents, Halloween can be tricky. Do you set limits? Do you let kids decide how much to eat? There isn't just one right answer.

  • How Can I Get My Kids to Be Active Outdoors? How Can I Get My Kids to Be Active Outdoors?

    Kids parked on the couch watching TV or glued to a computer/smartphone/gaming system are missing out on the great outdoors. It's important for all kids to get outside - here are some ideas.

  • How to Choose & Use Sunscreen How to Choose & Use Sunscreen

    With all the options out there, choosing a sunscreen for your kids can be tricky. Here's what you need to know.

  • Jellyfish Stings Jellyfish Stings

    Frolicking in the ocean is a summertime rite of passage, but a jellyfish sting can spoil the fun. Here's how to handle it if someone in your family gets zapped by one of these mysterious sea creatures.

  • Making Sure Your Teen's Job Is Safe Making Sure Your Teen's Job Is Safe

    Many teens want to work a part-time job. Find out how to ensure safe employment for your son or daughter.

  • Making the Holidays Safe Making the Holidays Safe

    Make the holidays fun and healthy by learning how to protect your kids from these common hazards.

  • Playground Safety Playground Safety

    Following these safety guidelines can make neighborhood playgrounds entertaining and safe for your kids.

  • Poison Ivy Poison Ivy

    About 60% to 80% of all people get a reaction to poison ivy. Check out this article for tips on what to do and how to avoid poison ivy.

  • Preventing Abductions Preventing Abductions

    It's important to teach your kids to be cautious without filling them with fear or anxiety. Here are ways to lessen the chances that your child will be abducted.

  • Preventing Dog Bites Preventing Dog Bites

    Teaching kids a few basic dog manners will help them enjoy safe encounters with Fido.

  • Road Rules for Little Passengers Road Rules for Little Passengers

    Use these tips to teach your kids how to stay safe when riding in a car or on a school bus.

  • Road Trip Boredom Busters Road Trip Boredom Busters

    Road trips can be fun and educational with just a little planning and preparation. Here are some ideas to get your family revved up for a trip long on smiles and short on frustration.

  • Rules of the Road for Teen Drivers Rules of the Road for Teen Drivers

    When teens get their driver's license, parents should consider creating their own rules of the road beyond the relevant driving laws.

  • Safety Tips: Hockey Safety Tips: Hockey

    As fun as it is, ice hockey carries a very real risk of injury. To keep your kids as safe as possible, follow these tips.

  • Safety Tips: Skateboarding Safety Tips: Skateboarding

    Skateboarding is undeniably cool, but it's also easy for riders to get hurt. Help your kids keep it safe with these safety tips.

  • Safety Tips: Skiing Safety Tips: Skiing

    Skiing is fun but also has some very real dangers. Make sure your kids follow these safety tips to learn how to stay safe on the slopes.

  • Safety Tips: Sledding Safety Tips: Sledding

    Sledding is a lot of fun, but can also cause injuries, some of them pretty serious. To keep your kids safe while sledding, make sure they follow these safety tips.

  • Safety Tips: Snowboarding Safety Tips: Snowboarding

    Snowboarding is a great way for kids to have fun and get exercise, but it has some very real dangers. These safety tips can help keep your kids safe on the slopes.

  • Sending Your Child With Special Needs to Camp Sending Your Child With Special Needs to Camp

    You've decided to send your child with special needs to camp this summer. Now what can you both do to get ready?

  • Staying Healthy While You Travel Staying Healthy While You Travel

    When you're traveling with your kids, there's a chance that someone might get sick. But early planning and smart packing can help ensure your family stays healthy and safe.

  • Sun Safety Sun Safety

    By teaching kids how to enjoy fun in the sun safely, parents can reduce their risk for developing skin cancer.

  • Tick Removal: A Step-by-Step Guide Tick Removal: A Step-by-Step Guide

    Boy, your child's freckles really stand out in the sun — yikes, that one is actually a tick! What should you do?

  • Water Safety Water Safety

    Kids need constant supervision around water - whether the water is in a bathtub, pool, the sea, or a water park. Here's how to keep them safe.

  • West Nile Virus West Nile Virus

    The threat of West Nile virus has made getting a mosquito bite a cause for concern. What is West Nile virus, and what can you do to prevent it?

  • Woods and Camping Safety for the Whole Family Woods and Camping Safety for the Whole Family

    A family camping trip can be an enjoyable experience with a little preparation.

What next?